Surface Modification of Interference Screws Used in Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Surgery

  • Charalambos P. CharalambousEmail author
  • Tariq A. Kwaees
  • Paul M. Sutton


In anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction surgery the graft is often secured to the tibial and femoral bone tunnels using interference screws. Surface modification of such interference screws may be used to help promote graft-bone integration and reduce the risk of infection. This could allow faster post-surgical rehabilitation, earlier return to sports, and improved long term clinical outcomes. This chapter reviews surface modification techniques that have already been tried in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction interference screws, but also reviews surface modification techniques that have been applied to other orthopaedic implants and which could potentially be extrapolated to cruciate ligament reconstruction surgery.


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Authors and Affiliations

  • Charalambos P. Charalambous
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Tariq A. Kwaees
    • 1
  • Paul M. Sutton
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Trauma and OrthopaedicsBlackpool Victoria HospitalBlackpoolUK
  2. 2.School of Medicine and DentistryUniversity of Central LancashirePrestonUK
  3. 3.Faculty of Medical and HumanInstitute of Inflammation and Repair Sciences, University of ManchesterManchesterUK
  4. 4.Department of OrthopaedicsNorthern General HospitalSheffieldUK

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