Atomic Scale Machining of Medical Materials

  • Mark J. JacksonEmail author
  • T. Novakov
  • M. B. da Silva
  • R. Handy
  • G. Robinson
  • M. Whitfield
  • J. Morrell
  • W. Ahmed


Molecular dynamic simulations of machining at the atomic scale can reveal a significant amount of information regarding the behaviour of machining and grinding processes that cannot be explained easily using classical theory or experimental procedures. This chapter explains how the use of molecular dynamic simulations can be applied to the many problems associated with machining and grinding at the meso-, micro-, and nanoscales. These include: (a) mechanics of nanoscale machining of ferrous and non-ferrous materials; (b) physics of nanoscale grinding of semiconductor materials; (c) effects of simulating a variety of machining parameters in order to minimize subsurface damage; (d) modelling of exit failures experienced during machining such as burr formation and other dynamic instabilities during chip formation; (e) simulation of known defects in microstructures using molecular dynamic simulations, statistical mechanical, and Monte Carlo methods; (f) simulation of machining single crystals of known orientation; (g) extremely high-speed nanometric cutting; (h) tool wear during machining; and (i) the effects of hardness on the wear of tool and workpiece materials. The nature of wear of the material ahead of the machining and grinding process, the variation of machining forces, and the amount of specific energy induced into the workpiece material using molecular dynamic simulations is discussed in this chapter.


Machining Atomic scale Surfaces Medical devices Medical materials 



The authors thank Springer and Wiley publishers for allowing the authors permission to re-print and update this chapter that was originally published in, ‘Surface Engineered Surgical Tools and Medical Devices’, originally published by Springer in 2007 (ISBN 978-0387-27026-5). The authors also wish to thank Springer for allowing the authors to update the chapter with material that was published in ‘Machining with Nanomaterials’ also published by Springer. Re-printed with kind permission from Springer Science + Business Media B.V and Wiley Publishers.


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Authors and Affiliations

  • Mark J. Jackson
    • 1
    Email author
  • T. Novakov
    • 1
  • M. B. da Silva
    • 1
  • R. Handy
    • 2
  • G. Robinson
    • 3
  • M. Whitfield
    • 3
  • J. Morrell
    • 4
  • W. Ahmed
    • 5
  1. 1.Kansas State UniversitySalinaUSA
  2. 2.The University of UtahSalt Lake CityUSA
  3. 3.Micromachinists GroupCambridgeUSA
  4. 4.National Security ComplexOak RidgeUSA
  5. 5.School of MedicineUniversity of Central LancashirePrestonUK

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