Post-intensive Care Syndrome (PICS)

  • Jed WolpawEmail author
  • Stephanie Cha
  • Todd Dorman


More than five million patients are admitted to intensive care units (ICUs) in the United States annually, and almost 90 % are surviving to discharge [1, 2]. The long-term consequences of critical illness are growing in importance and gaining more attention as demand for critical care grows and the short-term mortality after critical illness decreases. The number of survivors living with chronic critical illness has increased, and, unable to care for themselves, these patients are often discharged to long-term care facilities. Between 2001 and 2012, the percentage of ICU survivors discharged to these facilities rose from 15 to 25 % [3–6].


Physical impairment Polyneuropathy ICU-acquired weakness Neuromuscular dysfunction Post-traumatic stress disorder 


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Anesthesiology and Critical Care MedicineJohns Hopkins HospitalBaltimoreUSA

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