Advertisement

Land Policy in Russia: New Challenges

  • Natalya ShagaidaEmail author
  • Zvi Lerman
Chapter

Abstract

The chapter examines the outcomes of 20 years of land reform in the Russian Federation’s agriculture. The landownership structure is assessed, the risks voiced at the beginning of the reform are re-evaluated and new risks related to the development of landownership are highlighted. Russia’s land policy has gone through several stages since the beginning of reform: from clearly formulated policies and procedures in the early 1990s to a set of administrative activities entrusted to disjointed land authorities at the present time. Despite institutional difficulties, the land market appears to be emerging in Russia; land has become transferable, it is actively redistributed between peasant farms and corporate farms and it is reallocated to new users. In the absence of an institution that controls and manages the country’s land resources, the land policy is unable to respond to new challenges that arise in the course of the ongoing land reform.

Keywords

Agricultural Land Land Reform Land User Zone Land Peasant Farm 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Agricultural Census. (2006). Results of the All-Russia Agricultural Census 2006 (Land resources and land use, Vol. 3). Moscow: Federal State Statistical Service. http://www.gks.ru/news/perepis2006/totals-osn.htm [in Russian].Google Scholar
  2. Federal Targeted Programme. (2005). Conservation and rehabilitation of soil fertility in agriculturally targeted land and agro-landscapes as Russia’s national wealth for 2006–2010 and the period up to 2013 [in Russian], Federal Targeted Programme. http://base.garant.ru/2160945/
  3. Kaluga. (1987). Radioactive contamination of soils in Kaluga Oblast [in Russian]. http://www.feerc.ru/radsafety/archive/PDF_archive/radmonitdocs/rad_acc_docs/Chernob/spravki/1986–1988/kalugasoil.pdf
  4. Kalyuzhnyi, N. N. (2012). Establishment of a land market in Ukraine: Current state and issues under discussion [in Russian]. http://www.fao.org/fileadmin/user_upload/Europe/documents/Events_2012/3LANDNET/10_ru.pdf
  5. Land Code. (2014). Land Code of the Russian Federation [in Russian], updated to 29 December 2014. http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_170154/
  6. Land Code English. (2001). Unofficial English translation of the 2001 Land Code. www.unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/hlm/prgm/cph/experts/russia/documents/Legislation/landcode.doc
  7. Lerman, Z. (2014). Attitudes toward the lifting of the moratorium on land sales and the development of land markets in Ukraine, Policy Studies on Rural Transition No 2014–5. Budapest: FAO Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia. http://www.fao.org/fileadmin/user_upload/Europe/documents/Publications/Policy_Stdies/2014_5_en.pdf
  8. Rosreestr. (2006). The land fund of the Russian Federation as of 1 January 2006. Moscow: Rosreestr [in Russian].Google Scholar
  9. Rosreestr. (2013). The land fund of the Russian Federation as of 1 January 2013. Moscow: Rosreestr [in Russian].Google Scholar
  10. Russian Federation. (1998). On transactions in agricultural land, Federal Law of the Russian Federation No 101-FZ (16 July 1998) [in Russian]. http://base.garant.ru/12127542/
  11. Russian Federation. (2008). On support of development of residential construction, Federal Law of the Russian Federation No 161-FZ (24 July 2008) [in Russian]. http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_164943/
  12. Shagaida, N. (2010). Market transactions in agricultural land in Russia: Transformation of institutions and practice [in Russian], Study No 142P. Moscow: Gaidar Institute of Economic Policy.Google Scholar
  13. Uzun, V. Y. (Ed.). (2012). Methods for estimating territorial distribution of labour and territorial organisation of agriculture. Moscow: VIAPI [in Russian].Google Scholar
  14. World Bank. (2016). Simplifying property registration, improving public service delivery in Russia. http://www.worldbank.org/en/news/feature/2016/01/12/simplifying-property-registration-improving-public-service-delivery-in-russia

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Agri-Food PolicyThe Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA)MoscowRussia
  2. 2.Department of Agricultural Economics and Management, Faculty of Agriculture, Food and EnvironmentThe Hebrew University of JerusalemJerusalemIsrael

Personalised recommendations