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Exploring the Microbiology of the Deep Sea

  • Mohamed JebbarEmail author
  • Pauline Vannier
  • Grégoire Michoud
  • Viggó Thór Marteinsson
Chapter

Abstract

In this chapter the current knowledge of the diversity of piezophiles isolated so far is reviewed. The isolated piezophiles originated from high-pressure environments such as the cold deep sea, hydrothermal vents, and crustal rocks. Several “stress” conditions can be experienced in these environments, in particular high hydrostatic pressure (HHP). Discoveries of abundant life in diverse high-pressure environments (deep biosphere) support the existence and an adaptation of life to HHP. At least 50 piezophilic and piezotolerant Bacteria and Archaea have been isolated from different deep-sea environments but these do not by far cover the large metabolic diversity of known microorganisms thriving in deep biospheres. The field of biology of piezophiles has suffered essentially from the requirements for high-pressure retaining sample containments and culturing laboratory equipment, which is technically complicated and expensive. Only a few prototypes of HHP bioreactors have been developed by a number of research groups and this could explain the limited number of piezophiles isolated up till now.

Keywords

High Hydrostatic Pressure Guaymas Basin Ryukyu Trench Lateral Flagellum Deep Biosphere 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Union Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) under grant agreement n° 311975. This publication reflects the views only of the author, and the European Union cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohamed Jebbar
    • 1
    Email author
  • Pauline Vannier
    • 2
  • Grégoire Michoud
    • 3
  • Viggó Thór Marteinsson
    • 2
    • 4
  1. 1.Univ Brest, CNRS, Ifremer, UMR 6197-Laboratoire de Microbiologie des Environnements Extrêmes (LM2E)Institut Universitaire Européen de La Mer (IUEM)PlouzanéFrance
  2. 2.Food Safety, Environment and GeneticsMatís Ohf.ReykjavikIceland
  3. 3.Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering Division (BESE)King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST)ThuwalKingdom of Saudi Arabia
  4. 4.Agricultural University of IcelandBorgarnesIceland

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