Social Robotics

  • Cynthia Breazeal
  • Kerstin Dautenhahn
  • Takayuki Kanda

Abstract

This chapter surveys some of the principal research trends in Social Robotics and its application to human–robot interaction (HRI). Social (or Sociable) robots are designed to interact with people in a natural, interpersonal manner – often to achieve positive outcomes in diverse applications such as education, health, quality of life, entertainment, communication, and tasks requiring collaborative teamwork. The long-term goal of creating social robots that are competent and capable partners for people is quite a challenging task. They will need to be able to communicate naturally with people using both verbal and nonverbal signals. They will need to engage us not only on a cognitive level, but on an emotional level as well in order to provide effective social and task-related support to people. They will need a wide range of social-cognitive skills and a theory of other minds to understand human behavior, and to be intuitively understood by people. A deep understanding of human intelligence and behavior across multiple dimensions (i. e., cognitive, affective, physical, social, etc.) is necessary in order to design robots that can successfully play a beneficial role in the daily lives of people. This requires a multidisciplinary approach where the design of social robot technologies and methodologies are informed by robotics, artificial intelligence, psychology, neuroscience, human factors, design, anthropology, and more.

3-D

three-dimensional

AAL

ambient assisted living

ADL

activities for daily living

AI

artificial intelligence

ASR

automatic spoken-language recognition

CASALA

Centre for Affective Solutions for Ambient Living Awareness

CMU

Carnegie Mellon University

DOF

degree of freedom

HAMMER

hierarchical attentive multiple models for execution and recognition

HRI

human–robot interaction

IRB

Institutional Review Board

JSC

Johnson Space Center

LCD

liquid-crystal display

NASA

National Aeronautics and Space Agency

PAD

pleasure arousal dominance

QOLT

quality of life technology

ROMAN

Robot and Human Interactive Communication

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cynthia Breazeal
    • 1
  • Kerstin Dautenhahn
    • 2
  • Takayuki Kanda
    • 3
  1. 1.Personal Robots GroupMIT Media LabCambridgeUSA
  2. 2.School of Computer ScienceUniversity of HertfordshireHatfieldUK
  3. 3.Intelligent Robotics and Communication LaboratoriesAdvanced Telecommunications Research (ATR) Institute InternationalKyotoJapan

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