Intelligent Vehicles

  • Alberto Broggi
  • Alex Zelinsky
  • Ümit Özgüner
  • Christian Laugier
Part of the Springer Handbooks book series (SHB)


This chapter describes the emerging robotics application field of intelligent vehicles – motor vehicles that have autonomous functions and capabilities. The chapter is organized as follows. Section 62.1 provides a motivation for why the development of intelligent vehicles is important, a brief history of the field, and the potential benefits of the technology. Section 62.2 describes the technologies that enable intelligent vehicles to sense vehicle, environment, and driver state, work with digital maps and satellite navigation, and communicate with intelligent transportation infrastructure. Section 62.3 describes the challenges and solutions associated with road scene understanding – a key capability for all intelligent vehicles. Section 62.4 describes advanced driver assistance systems, which use the robotics and sensing technologies described earlier to create new safety and convenience systems for motor vehicles, such as collision avoidance, lane keeping, and parking assistance. Section 62.5 describes driver monitoring technologies that are being developed to mitigate driver fatigue, inattention, and impairment. Section 62.6 describes fully autonomous intelligent vehicles systems that have been developed and deployed. The chapter is concluded in Sect. 62.7 with a discussion of future prospects, while Sect. 62.8 provides references to further reading and additional resources.


Autonomous Vehicle Adaptive Cruise Control Intelligent Vehicle General Packet Radio Service Advanced Driver Assistance System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



automated bus rapid transit


adaptive cruise control


advanced driving assistance system


advanced highway system

automated highway system


Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology


bus rapid transit


cooperative adaptive cruise control


communication access for land mobiles


compact disc


International Commission on Illumination


cooperative vehicle infrastructure system


Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency


differential global positioning system


dedicated short-range communications




Grand Cooperative Driving Challenge


geometric intersection data


global navigation satellite system


general packet radio service


global positioning system


high tech automotive system


internet engineering task force


intelligent multimode transit system


inertial measurement unit


internet protocol


Information Society Technologies


light-emitting diode


Mechanical Engineering Laboratory


multihypothesis tracking


network mobility


on board unit


Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development


personal computer


rapidly adapting lane position handler


radio frequency identification


road side unit


simultaneous localization and mapping


short message service


signal phase and timing


Transportation Research Center


Universität der Bundeswehr Munich


wireless access in vehicular environments


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alberto Broggi
    • 1
  • Alex Zelinsky
    • 2
  • Ümit Özgüner
    • 3
  • Christian Laugier
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Information TechnologyUniversity of ParmaParmaItaly
  2. 2.DST Group HeadquartersDepartment of DefenceCanberraAustralia
  3. 3.Department of Electrical and Computer EngineeringOhio State UniversityColumbusUSA
  4. 4.INRIA Grenoble Rhône-AlpesSaint IsmierFrance

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