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Robotics in Construction

  • Kamel S. Saidi
  • Thomas Bock
  • Christos Georgoulas

Abstract

This chapter introduces various construction automation concepts that have been developed over the past few decades and presents examples of construction robots that are in current use (as of 2006) and/or in various stages of research and development. Section 57.1 presents an overview of the construction industry, which includes descriptions of the industry, the types of construction, and the typical construction project. The industry overview also discusses the concept of automation versus robotics in construction and breaks down the concept of robotics in construction into several levels of autonomy as well as other categories. Section 57.2 discusses some of the offsite applications of robotics in construction (such as for prefabrication), while Sect. 57.3 discusses the use of robots that perform a single task at the construction site. Section 57.4 introduces the concept of an integrated robotized construction site in which multiple robots/machines collaborate to build an entire structure. Section 57.5 discusses unsolved technical problems in construction robotics, which include interoperability, connection systems, tolerances, and power and communications. Finally, Sect. 57.6 discusses future directions in construction robotics and Sect. 57.7 gives some conclusions and suggests resources for further reading.

Keywords

Construction Industry Construction Project Construction Site Material Handling Building Component 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
2-D

two-dimensional

3-D

three-dimensional

ACBS

automatic constructions building system

ATLSS

advanced technology for large structural systems

CAD

computer-aided design

CAM

computer-aided manufacturing

CIC

computer integrated construction

CNC

computer numerical control

ERP

enterprise resource planning

EU

European Union

GDP

gross domestic product

GPS

global positioning system

GVA

gross value added

I3CON

industrialized, integrated, intelligent, construction

ICT

information and communication technology

MCP

magazining, cleaning, plotting

PCM

programmable construction machine

ROCCO

robot construction system for computer integrated construction

ROD

robot oriented design

SMAS

solid material assembly system

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kamel S. Saidi
    • 1
  • Thomas Bock
    • 2
  • Christos Georgoulas
    • 3
  1. 1.Building and Fire Research LaboratoryNational Institute of Standards and TechnologyGaitherbsurgUSA
  2. 2.Department of ArchitectureTechnical University MunichMunichGermany
  3. 3.Department of ArchitectureTechnical University MunichMunichGermany

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