Biomimetic Robots

Abstract

Biomimetic robot designs attempt to translate biological principles into engineered systems, replacing more classical engineering solutions in order to achieve a function observed in the natural system. This chapter will focus on mechanism design for bio-inspired robots that replicate key principles from nature with novel engineering solutions. The challenges of biomimetic design include developing a deep understanding of the relevant natural system and translating this understanding into engineering design rules. This often entails the development of novel fabrication and actuation to realize the biomimetic design.

This chapter consists of four sections. In Sect. 23.1, we will define what biomimetic design entails, and contrast biomimetic robots with bio-inspired robots. In Sect. 23.2, we will discuss the fundamental components for developing a biomimetic robot. In Sect. 23.3, we will review detailed biomimetic designs that have been developed for canonical robot locomotion behaviors including flapping-wing flight, jumping, crawling, wall climbing, and swimming. In Sect. 23.4, we will discuss the enabling technologies for these biomimetic designs including material and fabrication.

2-D

two-dimensional

3-D

three-dimensional

ACM

active cord mechanism

BFA

bending fluidic actuator

CF

carbon fiber

CFRP

carbon fiber reinforced prepreg

CPG

central pattern generation

DC

direct current

DOF

degree of freedom

FDM

fused deposition modeling

FRP

fiber-reinforced prepreg

IPMC

ionic polymer-metal composite

MAV

micro aerial vehicles

MEMS

microelectromechanical system

MFI

micromechanical flying insect

MLR

mesencephalic locomotor region

PDMS

polydimethylsiloxane

PneuNet

pneumatic network

RP

rapid prototyping

SCM

smart composite microstructure

SDM

shape deposition manufacturing

SLA

stereolithography

SLS

selective laser sintering

SMA

shape memory alloy

SSC

smart soft composite

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Biorobotics LaboratorySeoul National UniversitySeoulKorea
  2. 2.School of Engineering and Applied SciencesHarvard UniversityCambridgeUSA

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