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Infectious Complications in Infective Endocarditis

  • Bradley Hayley
  • Kwan Leung Chan
Chapter

Abstract

Endocarditis has protean systemic and cardiac manifestations. The infective vegetation mediates a destructive process which can involve the cardiac valves and/or perivalvular region. Valvular complications can vary from leaflet erosion or perforation to diverticulum formation, while perivalvular involvement includes abscess, perivalvular regurgitation, pseudoaneurysm and fistula. Transesophageal echocardiography is the preferred imaging tool in the diagnosis of both valvular and perivalvular complications. Prompt detection of these complications is crucial to the timing of surgery and the surgical approach.

Keywords

Vegetation Abscess Valvular perforation Valvular diverticulum Fistula Echocardiography Computed tomography 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Cardiology, The Health Sciences CentreMemorial UniversitySt. John’sCanada
  2. 2.Department of CardiologyUniversity of Ottawa Heart InstituteOttawaCanada

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