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An Application of Quality Function Deployment and Axiomatic Design to the Conceptual Design of Temporary Housing

  • Lindsey R. Gilbert III
  • Mohammed A. Omar
  • Amro M. FaridEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

The interdisciplinary complexity of modern construction projects has made meeting customer needs and requirements a difficult task. Under the current model, decisions affecting the early stages of design when designers have the largest impact on the final cost and functionality of a given product are approached in an informal and non-homogeneous manner. This study proposes an alternative approach, combining quality function deployment (QFD) and axiomatic design (AD) methodology as a systematic way to approach the conceptual design phase of construction projects, specific to temporary housing. This methodology would help to ensure the designer meets the customers needs and requirements, as well as satisfies the design objectives in a homogeneous manner. More precisely, the QFD–AD method proposed herein is considered novel because it combines two prevalent design methodologies in a way that allows a smooth transition from the translation of customer needs into a formal and methodical design approach. The method also allows for an effective framework to help evaluate and compare conceptual design decisions, including the complex process of material selection. The design of a refugee housing unit is presented as an illustrative case study of temporary housing.

Keywords

Quality function deployment (QFD) Axiomatic design (AD) QFD–AD Refugee housing Civil engineering design 

List of Acronyms

TH

Temporary house or temporary housing

QFD

Quality function deployment

AD

Axiomatic design

VoC

Voice of customer

CN

Customer needs

CA

Customer attributes

TR

Technical requirements

FR

Functional requirements

nFR

Non-functional requirement

C

Constraint

OC

Optimization criteria

SC

Selection criteria

DP

Design parameter

PV

Process variable

UNHCR

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

Notes

Acknowledgements

The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) is acknowledged for their support.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lindsey R. Gilbert III
    • 1
  • Mohammed A. Omar
    • 1
  • Amro M. Farid
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Engineering Systems and ManagementMasdar Institute of Science and TechnologyAbu DhabiUAE
  2. 2.Thayer School of Engineering at DartmouthHanoverUSA

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