The Structure of Bids: Public–Private Hybrids

  • Abraham Unger


This chapter offers a structural assessment of BID publicness and privateness. It builds upon the introductory description of BIDs and public–private behavioral perspectives discussed in the previous chapter. I’ll render here a full portrait of BIDs’ formal institutional character. It was suggested in Chap.  1 that BIDs are public–private hybrids since they are private organizations charged with the public power of taxation. That contention will now be established with greater specificity.


Private Organization Municipal Government Voluntary Association Commercial Property York City Department 
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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abraham Unger
    • 1
  1. 1.Wagner CollegeStaten IslandUSA

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