Advertisement

Makespaces: From Redistributed Manufacturing to a Circular Economy

  • Sharon Prendeville
  • Grit Hartung
  • Erica Purvis
  • Clare Brass
  • Ashley Hall
Conference paper
Part of the Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies book series (SIST, volume 52)

Abstract

Redistributed manufacturing is an emerging concept which captures the anticipated reshoring and localisation of production from large scale mass manufacturing plants to smaller-scale localised, customisable production units, largely driven by new digital production technologies. Critically, community-based digital fabrication workshops, or makespaces, are anticipated to be one hothouse for this new era of localised production and as such are key to future sustainable design and manufacturing practices. In parallel, the concept of the circular economy conceptualises the move from a linear economy of take-make-waste to a closed loop system, through repair, remanufacturing, and recycling to ultimately extend the value of products and materials. Despite the clear interplay between redistributed manufacturing and circular economy, there is limited research exploring this relationship. In light of these interconnected developments, the aim of this paper is to explore the role of makespaces in contributing to a circular economy through redistributed manufacturing activities. This is achieved through six semi-structured interviews with thought leaders on these topics. The research findings identify barriers and opportunities to both circular economy and redistributed manufacturing, uncover overlaps between circular economy and redistributed manufacturing, and identify a range of future research directions that can support the coming together of these areas. The research contributes to a wider conversation on embedding circular practices within makespaces and their role in redistributed manufacturing.

Keywords

Redistributed manufacturing Circular economy Design Making 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was undertaken as part of the EPSRC-funded FMs RDM network project at the Royal College of Art.

References

  1. 1.
    Bakker, C., Den Hollander, M., van Hinte, E., Zijlstra, Y.: Product that Last: Product Design for Circular Business Models. TU Delft Library, Delft, The Netherlands (2014)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bocken, N.M.P., Rana, P., Short, S.W.: Value mapping for sustainable business thinking. J. Ind. Prod. Eng. 32(1), 67–81 (2015)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Costa, F., Prendeville, S., Beverly, K.: Sustainable product-service systems for an office furniture manufacturer: how insights from a pilot study can inform PSS design. Proc. CIRP 30, 66–71 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Drizo, A., Pegna, J.: Environmental impacts of rapid prototyping: an overview of research to date. Rapid Prototyping J. 12(2), 64–71 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    European Commission: Factories of the future. Multi-annual Roadmap for the Contractual PPP under H2020 (2013)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    European Commission: Moving towards a circular economy (2014). Available at: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/circular-economy/. Accessed Oct 2014
  7. 7.
    Ellen MacArthur Foundation: Ellen MacArthur Foundation—rethink the future (2014). Available at: http://www.ellenmacarthurfoundation.org/. Accessed Oct 2015
  8. 8.
    EPSRC: Redistributed manufacturing workshop report (2013)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Gebler, M., Uiterkamp, A.J.M.S., Visser, C.: A global sustainability perspective on 3D printing technologies. Eng Policy 74, 158–167 (2014)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Gershenfeld, N.: Fab (2005)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Hielscher, S., Smith, A., Fressoli, M.: WP4 Case Study Report: FabLabs, Report for the TRANSIT FP7 Project (2015)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kohtala, C.: Addressing sustainability in research on distributed production: an integrated literature review. J. Clean. Prod. 106, 654–668 (2014)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kohtala, C.: Shaping sustainability in fab labs. In: Melkas, H., Buur, J. (eds.) Participatory Innovation Conference. Lappeenranta University of Technology, Lahti (2013)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Magretta, J.: Why business models matter. Harvard Bus. Rev. 80(5), 86–92 (2002)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    O’Rafferty, S., O’Connor, F.: Regional perspectives on capacity building for ecodesign. In: Facilitating Sustainable Innovation through Collaboration, pp. 159–183. Springer Netherlands (2010)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Prendeville, S., Bocken, N.: Design for remanufacturing and circular business models. Ecodesign Conference, Tokyo, Japan, 2–4 Dec 2015 (forthcoming)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Su, B.W., Heshmati, A., Geng, Y., Yu, X.M.: A review of the circular economy in China: moving from rhetoric to implementation. J. Clean. Prod. 42, 215–227 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Teece, D.: Business models, business strategy and innovation. Long Range Plan. 43(2–3), 172–194 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Troxler, P.: Open design now. Libraries of the peer production era. Available at: http://opendesignnow.org/index.php/article/libraries-of-the-peer-production-era-peter-troxler/ (2010)
  20. 20.
    Thakara, J.: Open design now. Into the open. Available at: http://opendesignnow.org/index.php/article/into-the-open-john-thackara/ (2010)
  21. 21.

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sharon Prendeville
    • 1
    • 2
  • Grit Hartung
    • 2
  • Erica Purvis
    • 2
  • Clare Brass
    • 2
  • Ashley Hall
    • 2
  1. 1.Product Innovation ManagementIndustrial Design Engineering, TU DelftDelftThe Netherlands
  2. 2.SustainRCARoyal College of ArtLondonUK

Personalised recommendations