Vertically-Aligned Carbon Nanotubes for Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage

  • Feng Du
  • Quanbin Dai
  • Liming Dai
  • Qiuhong Zhang
  • Thomas Reitz
  • Levi Elston
Part of the NanoScience and Technology book series (NANO)


Vertically-aligned carbon nanotubes (VA-CNTs) have a large surface area, high electronic conductivity and electrochemical accessibility, and mechanical/chemical/electrochemical stability. These unique properties make VA-CNTs promising electrode materials for energy conversion and storage devices, including fuel cells, lithium batteries, and supercapacitors. This chapter provides an overview on recent development of VA-CNT electrodes with and without heteroatom-doping for efficient energy conversion and storage by summarizing our work on the discovery of nitrogen-doped VA-CNTs as a highly active cathode for ORR in fuel cells, vertically aligned nitrogen doped coral-like carbon fiber arrays (VA-NCCFs) as a high-performance air cathode in Li-air batteries, as well as VA-CNTs and their 3D derivatives as porous electrodes in high-performance Li-ion batteries and supercapacitors.


Fuel Cell Oxygen Reduction Reaction Efficient Energy Conversion High Electrocatalytic Activity Highly Order Pyrolytic Graphite 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors thank our colleagues for their contributions to the work cited. We are also grateful for financial support from AFRL/DAGSI, AFOSR, and NSF.


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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center of Advanced Science and Engineering for Carbon (Case4Carbon), Department of Macromolecular Science and EngineeringCase Western Reserve UniversityClevelandUSA
  2. 2.Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL)WPAFBFairbornUSA

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