Upper Extremity Amputation

  • Nikola Babovic
  • Brian T. Carlsen


Although significantly less common than vascular insufficiency in the lower extremities, heart, or brain, processes leading to inadequate vascular flow in the upper extremity carry significant morbidity. Our hands are our highly technical and extremely skilled terminal devices and arguably what make us uniquely human. Therefore when faced with situations of hand loss, every attempt should be made to preserve as much length and function as possible. Amputation is a procedure of last resort and is indicated only after limb salvage options have failed. The functional consequence of any particular amputation is the primary. Advances in reconstructive surgery and prosthetic devices hold hope and promise improved function for the upper limb amputee.


Hand loss Hand amputation Upper limb loss Partial hand amputation Limb salvage Replantation Prosthetics Targeted reinnervation Targeted muscle reinnervation 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nikola Babovic
    • 1
  • Brian T. Carlsen
    • 2
  1. 1.Orthopaedic SurgeryAllegheny Health NetworkPittsburghUSA
  2. 2.Orthopedic and Plastic SurgeryMayo ClinicRochesterUSA

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