Advertisement

Tentative Classification of Various Slum Types

  • Jérôme Chenal
  • Yves Pedrazzini
  • Jean-Claude Bolay
Chapter
Part of the GeoJournal Library book series (GEJL, volume 119)

Abstract

This chapter proposes a typology of slums based on spatial indicators at two scales: the neighbourhood scale and the urban scale. By classifying, we are able to understand neighbourhoods based on their urban location (central, peripheral, etc.) and the built environment it generates. This typology breaks with conventional slum definitions, mainly in terms of access to urban public services and quality of life.

The chapter will describe the urban typologies of several common slum representations. We will examine these typologies according to four spatial criteria: (1) their location in the city centre or periphery; (2) the land quality in the slum settlement area (wetlands/risk areas vs. land suitable for urbanisation); (3) road networks (was the slum previously structured or not?), and; (4) the habitat “strengthening” process (as the degree of consolidation often reflects the level of insecurity of land tenure in the neighbourhood). These visual and spatial criteria are easily determined and, combined, produce 16 clearly identifiable types of slums.

Keywords

Social Practice Informal Settlement Urban Form African City Slum Dweller 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Bolay, J.-C., & Chenal, J. (2008). Evaluation du programme Twize. Rapport d’étude. Lausanne: Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne.Google Scholar
  2. Cabannes, Y., Yafai, S. G. E., & Johnson, C. (Eds.). (2010). How people face evictions. London: DPU, The Bartlett.Google Scholar
  3. Chenal, J. (2009). Urbanisation, planification urbaine et modèles de ville en Afrique de l’Ouest: jeux et enjeux de l’espace public. Doctoral thesis, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne.Google Scholar
  4. Chenal, J. (2014). The west African city: Urban space and models of urban planning. Lausanne/Oxford: EPFL Press/Routledge [distrib.].Google Scholar
  5. Friedmann, J. (1986). The world city hypothesis. Development and Change, 17, 69–83.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Friedmann, J., & Wolff, G. (1982). World city formation: An agenda for research and action. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 6, 309–344.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Koolhaas, R. (Ed.). (2000). Mutations. Barcelona: Actar.Google Scholar
  8. Koolhaas, R. (2011). Junkspace. Paris: Payot.Google Scholar
  9. Sassen, S. (1991). The global city: New York, London, Tokyo. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Sassen, S. (2002a). Globalization and cities. Locating cities on global circuits. Environment and Urbanization, 14, 3–12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Sassen, S. (2002b). Locating cities on global circuits. Environment and Urbanization, 14, 13–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Schaud, C., & Schindhelm, M. (2008). Bird’s nest – Herzog & De Meuron in China. Zurich: T&C Film AG.Google Scholar
  13. Shatkin, G. (2011). Planning privatopolis: Reprensentation and contestation in the developmeent of urban integrated mega projects. In A. Roy & A. Ong (Eds.), Worlding cities: Asian experiments and the art of being global. London: Wiley-Blackwell.Google Scholar
  14. Turner, J. F. C. (1976). Housing by people. London: Marion Boyars.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jérôme Chenal
    • 1
  • Yves Pedrazzini
    • 1
  • Jean-Claude Bolay
    • 1
  1. 1.Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL)LausanneSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations