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Transuranium Elements

  • Michael Thoennessen
Chapter

Abstract

The discovery of the first transuranium elements is closely related to the development of the atomic bomb during the Second World War. The work was classified and only published after the end of the war. The discovery of the isotopes of the elements from neptunium in 1939 through mendelevium which was first observed in 1955 is described. Initially, isotopes were produced in light charged-particle reactions and by neutron irradiation (including during nuclear explosions). Later on fusion-evaporation reactions were used to reach the heaviest elements.

Keywords

Neutron Irradiation Nuclear Explosion Argonne National Laboratory Superheavy Element Transuranium Element 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physics and AstronomyMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA

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