General Systematic Position of the Truffles: Evolutionary Theories

  • Gregory M. Bonito
  • Matthew E. Smith
Part of the Soil Biology book series (SOILBIOL, volume 47)


In the very broadest sense, truffles are fungi that sequester their spores within differentiated fruiting structures and produce these fruiting bodies below the soil or leaf litter. However, for the purpose of this book, we use the term truffle to reference the “true truffles” that belong to the genus Tuber (e.g., Tuber melanosporum, Tuber magnatum, and related species). Truffles typically fruit on the forest floor just below the leaf litter or sometimes within the mineral horizon. Truffles are diverse in species and exhibit a range of macroscopic characteristics that vary, such as color, shape, size, texture, and aroma. With the advent of new molecular tools and phylogenomic approaches in truffle research, we expect novel insights and knowledge on truffle development, symbiosis-related genes, molecular crosstalk between fungus and host, genome organization and evolution, and consequences of bacteria on fungal growth, function, and development will ensue.


Fruiting Body Asexual Spore Tuber Melanosporum Tuber Species Black Truffle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Plant, Soil and Microbial SciencesMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA
  2. 2.Department of Plant PathologyUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA

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