Epidemiology of Seizures in Critically Ill Adults

  • Jennifer M. Pritchard
  • Jennifer L. Hopp


Seizures and status epilepticus (SE) are relatively common in critically ill adults, and manifestations may include convulsive status epilepticus (CSE), nonconvulsive status epilepticus (NCSE), and nonconvulsive seizures (NCS). Convulsive seizures that do not meet criteria for status are also seen in this patient population. SE is associated with significant morbidity and mortality and should be diagnosed and treated appropriately. Some challenges in diagnosis and treatment center on the entity of NCSE. This group is now thought to be a heterogeneous patient population including different conditions and associated etiologies. In fact, the underlying etiology of seizures and status is felt to be a very important determinant of overall prognosis and outcome in this group of critically ill adult patients. In this chapter, the epidemiology, clinical features, and etiologies of the various SE types will be presented.


Status Epilepticus Limbic Encephalitis Convulsive Seizure Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy Electrographic Seizure 
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.NeurologyUniversity of Maryland School of MedicineBaltimoreUSA

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