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Pseudomonas for Industrial Biotechnology

  • Rachhpal S. KahlonEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Pseudomonas are known for their ubiquitous nature and metabolic diversity enabling them to survive in a wide range of ecological niches in terrestrial and marine environments as well as in association with animals and plants. They are characterized with enormous biosynthetic capacity and production of a wide range of secondary metabolites and are endowed with an array of enzymes and metabolic pathways. Genomes of about 70 different strains of Pseudomonas spp. have been fully sequenced, and their vast genetic potential for biotechnological applications such as synthesis of small molecular weight chiral compounds, biopolymer production, bioremediation of organic chemical pollutants, biocontrol of plant diseases and soilborne pathogens and lately for production of heterologous proteins and molecules has been elucidated. Pseudomonas also show high degree of robustness and tolerance to extreme environmental conditions of temperature, pH, presence of toxins and solvents required for industrial exploitation. Pseudomonas putida KT2440 has been certified as ‘generally regarded as safe’ (GRAS) for gene cloning and expression of foreign DNA, thus providing novel possibilities to engineer this organism not only for industrial applications but also for production of heterologous proteins. Techniques of system biology and expanding genomic databases will go a long way to expand the range of products formed by manipulating the metabolic pathways and develop as efficient cell factories.

Keywords

Synthetic Biology Pseudomonas Putida Pseudomonas Fluorescens Fusaric Acid Rhamnolipid Production 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of MicrobiologyPunjab Agricultural UniversityLudhianaIndia

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