Advertisement

A Whole-Building, Integrated Approach for Designing a High-Performance, Net-Zero-Energy and Net-Zero-Water Building

  • Richard V. Piacentini
Conference paper

Abstract

The Center for Sustainable Landscapes (CSL) at Phipps Conservatory and Botanical Gardens is a 2,262 m2 educational, research, and administrative services facility set on an 11,736 m2 site. Performing 70% more efficiently than a typical building and achieving an energy use intensity of 18 (2.98 kWh/m2/year), it operates at net-positive energy and captures and treats all of its sanitary and storm water. It is the world’s first building to attain Living Building Challenge, LEED Platinum, Four Stars Sustainable SITES, and WELL Platinum certifications.

The CSL is the result of a whole-building, integrated, outside-in, passive-first design process guided by ecological planning principles. Two years of bimonthly design charrettes brought together team members involved in every phase of the project to capitalize on collective wisdom, shorten feedback loops, augment system synergies, minimize compromises and costs, and exceed net-zero-energy and net-zero-water performance.

Operations are enhanced by collaborating with the University of Pittsburgh and Carnegie Mellon University on original research in the CSL related to building performance. Both Universities receive real-time data from thousands of control points from the building automation and water reuse systems. Engaging staff with feedback from this research allows Phipps to continually improve the CSL’s performance.

Keywords

Energy High performance green buildings Integrative design LEED Living Building Challenge Net-positive energy Net-zero energy Net-zero water 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Chris Minnerly, The Design Alliance; John Boecker and Marcus Sheffer, 7group; Alan Traugott, CJL Engineering; José Almiñana, Andropogon Associates; John Buck, Civil and Environmental Consultants; Emily Kalnicky, PhD., Joe Reed, and Jason Wirick, Phipps Conservatory and Botanical Gardens.

References

  1. 1.
    7group, Reed B (2009) The integrative design guide to green buildings: redefining the practice of sustainability, vol 43. Wiley, HobokenGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Cross JE, Barr S, Putnam R, Dunbar B, Plaut J (2015) The social network of integrative design. Institute for the Built Environment, Colorado State University, Fort CollinsGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    The American Institute of Architects (AIA) California Council (2007) Integrated project delivery: a guide. The American Institute of Architects California Council, WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Gotthelf H, Ozbek M, Guggemos A (2013) Potential efficiency gains from early involvement of steel fabricators and erectors: lessons learned from the NREL research support facility project. Int J Constr Educ Res 9(2):147–160CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Leicht RM, Molenaar KR, Messner JI, Franz BW, Esmaeili B (2015) Maximizing success in integrated projects: an owner’s guide. Version 0.9, May. http://bim.psu.edu/delivery
  6. 6.
    NREL, Research Support Facility (RSF) Workshop (2011) Summary of review panel findings. National Renewable Energy Lab, Editor. U.S. Department of EnergyGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Boecker J. (2014) Understanding integrative design in LEED v4. Synthegrative Thinking, #3-2014. Retrieved from http://www.sevengroup.com/r-publications/synthegrative-thinking/
  8. 8.
    Zhao J, Lasternas B, Lam KP, Yun R, Loftness V (2014) Occupant behavior and schedule modeling for building energy simulation through office appliance power consumption data mining. Energy Build 82:341–355CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Zhao J, Lam KP, Biswas T, Wang H (2015) An online platform to automate LEED energy performance evaluation and submission process. Constr Innov 15(3):313–332CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Zhao J, Lam KP, Erik Ydstie B, Karaguzel OT (2014) EnergyPlus model-based predictive control within design–build–operate energy information modelling infrastructure. J Build Perform Simul 8(3):1–14. doi: 10.1080/19401493.2014.891656 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Collinge WO, Anderson NE, Thiel CL, Hasik V, Landis AE, Bilec MM (2015) Dynamic LCA of a zero energy and water building and implications at the community scale. ISIEGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

<SimplePara><Emphasis Type="Bold">Open Access</Emphasis> This chapter is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 2.5 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.5/), which permits any noncommercial use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license and indicate if changes were made. </SimplePara> <SimplePara>The images or other third party material in this chapter are included in the chapter's Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the chapter's Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder.</SimplePara>

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Phipps Conservatory and Botanical GardensPittsburghUSA

Personalised recommendations