First-Year Performance of a PV Plant in Jordan Compared to PV Plants in the Region
This chapter presents the first-year (2014) performance analysis of a 276 kWp grid-connected roof-type solar photovoltaic (PV) plant located at the campus of Al-Ahliyya Amman University (AAU) in Jordan using monitored data. The plant is installed on the 3000 m2 roof of the arena building on the university’s campus. The array consists of 1176 modules with 2 orientations, 10° and 15°. The PV array is configured in such a way that the system includes 14 panels in parallel with 14 inverters. The plant is equipped with a monitoring system that is connected to the Internet and provides data on a daily basis. The study shows that the actual and estimated specific energy productions are 1639 and 1726 kWh/kWp/year, respectively. The annual capacity factor and performance ratio are found to be 18.7 and 87.5 %, respectively. The actual energy production is found to be 452,406 kWh/year, whereas the estimated annual energy production is found to be 476,467 kWh, as calculated using the PVsyst v6.32 software. The measured and estimated yields are in close agreement with each other, with a relative error of around 5 %. It is found that the actual yield is at its maximum in July and minimum in January. The analyzed plant is compared to PV plants worldwide, particularly in detail to a PV plant in Syria. The comparison shows that the overall performance of the AAU plant is excellent.
KeywordsPhotovoltaic plant Specific system production Performance ratio Capacity factor Jordan, Syria
- 1.EcoSol (2014) Complete energy solutions—practical case study. Presentation conducted at Al-Ahliyya Amman UniversityGoogle Scholar
- 3.James M Bing (2015) Application note predicting and monitoring PV energy production. ECI Publication No Cu0207. www.leonardo-energy.org, Jan 2015
- 4.SMA Solar Technology AG, Performance ratio, Technical information Perfratio-UEN100810. http://files.sma.de/dl/7680/Perfratio-UEN100810.pdf
- 5.Cristian P, Chioncel, Ladislau Augustinov, et al. (2009) Performance ratio of a photovoltaic plant. Bulletin of Engineering, Copyright © University Politehnica Timisoara/Fascicule 2/April–June/Tome Ii, pp 555–58Google Scholar
- 6.Ebenezer NyarkoKumi, Abeeku Brew-Hammond. Design and analysis of a 1MW grid-connected solar PV system in Ghana. African Technology Policy Studies Network, ATPS 2013 ATPS Working Paper No. 78Google Scholar
- 7.Ralf Muenster, National Semiconductor. Watts matter: maintaining the performance ratio of PV systems. http://www.solarindustrymag.com/
- 11.Huang HS, Jao JC, Yen KL, Tsai CT (2011) Performance and availability analyses of PV generation systems in Taiwan. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, vol 54Google Scholar
- 13.CHROSIS Sustainable Solutions (2012) Whitepaper on PR vs. CUF. http://chrosis.de/wp-content/uploads/2012/12/PR-vs-CUF-WP.pdf
- 14.Elhodeiby AS, Metwally HMB, Farahat MA (2011) Performance analysis of 3.6 kw rooftop grid connected photovoltaic system in egypt. International Conference on Energy Systems and Technologies (ICEST 2011), Cairo, 11–14 March 2011Google Scholar
- 15.Masters GM (2004) Renewable and efficient electric power systems, Stanford University, WileyGoogle Scholar
- 17.Private communication with National Energy Research Center (NERC), SyriaGoogle Scholar
Open Access This chapter is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 2.5 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.5/), which permits any noncommercial use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license and indicate if changes were made.
The images or other third party material in this chapter are included in the chapter's Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the chapter's Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder.