Light and Shadow: Mediterranean Visual Scenes
Introducing sustainable criteria in the building sector is a challenge which can be faced using different strategies. The development and integration of renewable energies on different scales is part of the solution, but first the reduction of energy demand in buildings and cities must be taken into account. One of the potentials of the Mediterranean countries is the high radiation availability during most of the year, which can be used in active and passive design strategies. It is considered that urban and architectural design, along with significant knowledge of outdoor luminosity, can contribute to a reduction in the use of energy for lighting in entrance spaces. In this chapter, a field study conducted using different procedures enables an overall definition of the appearance of Mediterranean cities in terms of light, which offers an approach which could be applied to cities and architectural design. The conclusions drawn in this study can lead to design recommendations which integrate the use of shadow, the potential of material properties, and other ways to improve visual adaptation and reduce visual contrast, especially in the entrance of buildings.
KeywordsLuminosity Urban scene Vision Mediterranean light
- 1.Submission of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) (2009) Sustainable building initiative (SBCI) to the ad hoc working group on long-term cooperative action under the convention (AWG-LCA), 24 April 2009Google Scholar
- 3.ISO (2004) 15469:2004 (E)/CIES011/E: 2003. Spatial distribution of daylight—CIE Standard General Sky. ISO, GenevaGoogle Scholar
- 4.Baker NV, Fanchiotti A, Steemers K (1993) Daylighting in architecture: a European reference book. James & James, LondonGoogle Scholar
- 7.Panero J, Zelnik M (2007) Las dimensiones humanas en los espacios interiores. Gustavo GiliGoogle Scholar
<SimplePara><Emphasis Type="Bold">Open Access</Emphasis> This chapter is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 2.5 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.5/), which permits any noncommercial use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license and indicate if changes were made. </SimplePara> <SimplePara>The images or other third party material in this chapter are included in the chapter's Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the chapter's Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder.</SimplePara>