Supporting Electromobility in Smart Cities Using Solar Electric Vehicle Charging Stations
Improving energy efficiency in the transportation sector could significantly contribute to limiting environmental degradation and decelerate the depletion of existing fossil-fuel reserves. Effective methods for increasing energy efficiency include the adoption of eco-driving – especially in urban areas – the utilization of more efficient vehicles, and the shift to green public transportation. In any case, to develop a sustainable and efficient transportation strategy in selected cases (e.g., smart cities), the use of so-called clean new technology vehicles should be adopted. The Laboratory of Soft Energy Applications and Environmental Protection (SEALAB) of the Piraeus University of Applied Sciences (formerly TEI of Piraeus) has recently undertaken, within the framework of its innovative activities, the development, construction, and operation of the country’s first stand-alone solar electric vehicle charging station (EVCS), CARPORT, monitoring all energy data and thereby supporting and strengthening the country’s efforts in infrastructure development in the field of electromobility. More specifically, this innovative effort, described in this chapter, aims to accelerate the implementation of a European national electrification action plan through the construction of EVCSs based on photovoltaic generators. The proposed solar EVCS is considered to be one of the most environmentally friendly solutions, capable of supporting the decarbonization of the European transport sector.
KeywordsPhotovoltaic generators Green vehicles Sustainable development Urban areas
This study was supported by the European Union and the Greek Ministry of Education through the Excellence II research framework
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