A Study of Space Syntax and Sustainable Design in Chinese Vocational Education Parks: Three Case Studies

  • Qiushi HaoEmail author
  • Benchen Fu
  • Teng Fei
Conference paper


Currently, China has 1334 vocational colleges. This accounts for 62.7 % of all colleges and universities in China. A large portion of vocational colleges is represented by vocational education parks. In China, vocational education park refers to a zone that includes multiple vocational educational institutions and their corresponding science parks combined to form a set of teaching, training, research, production, and social services located in one area. Their development is closely tied to city development planning. Because China’s vocational education system developed relatively late, there is little past experience with building vocational education parks. As a result, vocational education parks are introspective and self-enclosed with fragmented layouts, dispersed resources, insufficient facilities, and incomplete systems. This phenomenon is becoming increasingly serious. This article is based on research on public space layout expansion for Chinese vocational education parks using urban intensification strategies. The intent is to look at strategies for integrating educational resources, leveraging economies of agglomeration, and continuing development in a compact space by building shared facilities, improving the campus land-use ratio, curbing energy consumption and environmental pollution, containing campus sprawl, and promoting vocational education parks to develop in a healthy, orderly, and sustainable way. This study applies composition analysis techniques to three vocational education park design cases with public space layouts. The study provides a quantitative analysis of the overall and localized degree of space integration and uses these values to perform linear regression analysis. The intensification layout style stands out as a superior approach that establishes a relationship for the composition of public space in a vocational education park. This relationship’s decisive influence is explored based on an analysis of the education and administration style of vocational schools. A model and optimization proposal is put forward within a certain scope for the degree of space integration with respect to the jointly coupled factors of space composition, education style, and school administration style. With vocational education park public space intensification as a goal and the ability to numerically evaluate data based on degree of integration, vocational education park design evaluation criteria can be established. From now on, the proposed vocational education park public space layout intensification method will provide a scientific and quantitative standard that will ensure a sustainable design strategy for China’s characteristic vocational education parks.


Vocational education park Sustainability Spatial synergy Livability Accessibility 


  1. 1.
    Liang H (2009) The study on synergetics development and design of Guangdong vocational and technical college. Huanan University, Guangzhou 186–188Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Chen W, Chen Y (2013) Lanzhou new district vocational education park design. Lpaners 1006-0022(2013)S1-0119-06Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Wang Z, Wang Y (2015) A study on the structure of vertical space in urban complexes based on synergy theory. Architect JGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Xinlei L (2012) The research of synergetic design for public space of urban complex. Chongqing University, Chongqing 20–126Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hillier B (1996) Space is the machine: a theory of architecture. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 50–56Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Guo B (2013) Research on the architectural planning of training space for Higher Vocational & Technical College in Shaanxi. Xian University of Architecture and Technology, Xian 61–66Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Zhao X (2013) The research of planning and design of Dalian Vocational Education Park based on practical characteristics. Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 34–38Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Sheng Q, Yang T, Liu N (2014) Spatial conditions for targeted and optional consumption: a space syntax study on Wangfujing area and three shopping malls. Architect JGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Zheng L, Sun C, Liu L, Wang L (2012) Wandering crowd simulation based on space syntax theory. Comput Aid Drafting Design Manuf 22(2):68–73Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Joao P, Alasdair T (2010) Introduction to UCL depthmap 10. UCL 5–6Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Nourian G, Rezvani P, Sariyildiz IS (2013) A syntactic design methodology: integrating real-time space syntax analysis in a configurative architectural design process. In: International space syntax symposium, SeoulGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Xia Z, Xu L, Wang P (2014) Pedestrian distribution, space and function in high-rise commercial complex. Architect JGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Dou Q (2009) A space syntax investigation of the changes in residential district planning and design in Beijing. Architect JGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Jin S, Yan A, Zhou L (2014) A study on the spatial distribution of public cultural facilities from the perspective of spatial cognition. Architect JGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Hillier B, Yang T, Turner A (2012) Normalising least angle choice in Depthmap and how it opens up new perspectives on the global and local analysis of city space. J Space Syntax 3(2):155–193Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Li H (2013) Research on training building space design of higher vocational education. Chongqing University, Chongqing 32–35Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Cao M (2011) Study on teaching space of engineering course higher vocational-technical college. Xian University of Architecture and Technology, XianGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Qu W-J (2011) Practical training space study for engineering vocational technical school. Xian University of Architecture and Technology, Xian 93–102Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Zhou X, Lu Z (2013) Rereading environmental image in terms of spatial syntax. Architect JGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Wang JS (2010) Characteristics of vocational and technical education in Singapore and its revelation to China. J Higher Educ Sci TechnolGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Open Access This chapter is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 2.5 International License (, which permits any noncommercial use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license and indicate if changes were made.

The images or other third party material in this chapter are included in the chapter's Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the chapter's Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder.

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ArchitectureHarbin Institute of TechnologyHarbinChina

Personalised recommendations