VODUM: A Topic Model Unifying Viewpoint, Topic and Opinion Discovery
- Cite this paper as:
- Thonet T., Cabanac G., Boughanem M., Pinel-Sauvagnat K. (2016) VODUM: A Topic Model Unifying Viewpoint, Topic and Opinion Discovery. In: Ferro N. et al. (eds) Advances in Information Retrieval. ECIR 2016. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 9626. Springer, Cham
The surge of opinionated on-line texts provides a wealth of information that can be exploited to analyze users’ viewpoints and opinions on various topics. This article presents VODUM, an unsupervised Topic Model designed to jointly discover viewpoints, topics, and opinions in text. We hypothesize that partitioning topical words and viewpoint-specific opinion words using part-of-speech helps to discriminate and identify viewpoints. Quantitative and qualitative experiments on the Bitterlemons collection show the performance of our model. It outperforms state-of-the-art baselines in generalizing data and identifying viewpoints. This result stresses how important topical and opinion words separation is, and how it impacts the accuracy of viewpoint identification.