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Energy, Water, Climate and Cycles

  • Robert Ayres
Chapter
Part of the The Frontiers Collection book series (FRONTCOLL)

Abstract

The sun, which continuously energizes our solar system, radiates about 4 × 1014 terawatts (TW) of power, in all directions. Since a terawatt is a thousand Gigawatts (GW) and a million Megawatts (MW), that is an extremely large amount of power. The unit of power, terawatt (TW), is convenient because it is about the right size for discussions of energy use in the global economy. The Earth intercepts only a tiny fraction of that enormous solar output, viz. 174,260 TW, or 340.2 ± 0.1 W per square meter of the Earth’s silhouette or intercept surface.

Keywords

Arctic Ocean Climate Sensitivity Gulf Stream Molecular Nitrogen Vertical Land Motion 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert Ayres
    • 1
  1. 1.INSEADFountainebleauFrance

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