Towards a Linked and Reusable Conceptual Layer Around Higher Education Programs
From a knowledge representation perspective, higher education programs can be exhibited as a set of concepts exchanged in learning environments to achieve specific learning objectives. Such concepts are often grouped in different blocks such as courses, modules or topics that count towards a degree. Currently, most of program representations are performed at a high level in the form of course descriptions that are part of course catalogs, or at more specific levels using for example course syllabi. While this is great for informative purposes, systematically capturing, processing and analyzing the concepts covered in a program is not possible with this text-based representation. We present in this chapter a data model based on the linked data principles to create a conceptual layer around higher education programs. We follow a collaborative approach using a semantic Mediawiki to build the knowledge graph around a business school curriculum. The impact of this linked open layer is highlighted at the level of (1) enriching online learning environments by extending the graph through learning material and selectively pushing it to existing course pages; and (2) enabling a more in-depth analysis of the program during review activities.
This work was supported by the University Research Board grant at the American University of Beirut. I would like to thank my colleagues and students who contributed to the extension of the graph through the wiki, and supported me in the implementation of the tools. I would also like to thank the students who have used the bookmarklet to bookmark the interesting materials that triggered invaluable insights and observations.
- 3.d’Aquin, M.: Linked Data for Open and Distance Learning. Commonwealth of Learning report (2012)Google Scholar
- 4.Heath, T., Bizer, C.: Linked data: evolving the web into a global data space. Synth. Lect. Semant. Web: Theor. Technol. 1, 1–136 (2011)Google Scholar
- 5.Heath, T., Singer, R., Shabir, N., Clarke, C., Leavesley, J.: Assembling and applying an education graph based on learning resources in universities. Workshop, In: Linked Learning (LILE) (2012)Google Scholar
- 6.Klyne, G., Carroll, J.J.: Resource description framework (RDF): Concepts and abstract syntax. Technical report (2006)Google Scholar
- 7.Kroenke, D., Bunker, D., Wilson, D.N.: Experiencing Mis. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River (2010)Google Scholar
- 9.Schmachtenberg, M., Bizer, C., Jentzsch, A., Cyganiak, R.: Linking Open Data Cloud Diagram (2014)Google Scholar
- 11.Zablith, F.: Interconnecting and enriching higher education programs using linked data. In: Proceedings of the 24th International Conference on World Wide Web Companion, pp. 711–716. International World Wide Web Conferences Steering Committee (2015)Google Scholar
- 12.Zablith, F., d’Aquin, M., Brown, S., Green-Hughes, L.: Consuming linked data within a large educational organization. In: Proceedings of the Second International Workshop on Consuming Linked Data (COLD) at International Semantic Web Conference (ISWC) (2011)Google Scholar