• Tim Benson
  • Grahame Grieve
Part of the Health Information Technology Standards book series (HITS)


UML and BPMN are modelling notations; XML and JSON are simple languages used for structuring information exchanged. They all work best with specialised tools. UML can be used for sketching, detailed design work or even to produce software code directly. UML diagram types include Class, Object, Use-case, Activity, Sequence and State diagrams. Each diagram is one view of a model. BPMN is used for describing workflow. XML is descriptive, extensible markup language for structuring information in documents. The structure of an XML document is specified in schema. JSON is simpler than XML and is widely used on the web.


UML BPMN XML JSON Object models Class diagram Composition Aggregation Navigation Use case Activity diagram Sequence diagram Pool Swimlane Namespace Schema XPath JSON tools 


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    Bray T, Paoli J, Sperberg-McQueen CM, Maler E, Yergeau F. Extensible markup language (XML). World Wide Web Consortium 1998 Recommendation REC-xml-19980210.
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    Bray T. The JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) Data interchange format. Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) 2014 RFC 7157.Google Scholar

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© Springer-Verlag London 2016

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Authors and Affiliations

  • Tim Benson
    • 1
  • Grahame Grieve
    • 2
  1. 1.R-Outcomes LtdNewburyUK
  2. 2.Health Intersections Pty LtdMelbourneAustralia

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