WhaleAgent: Hardheaded Strategy and Conceder Strategy Based on the Heuristics

  • Motoki SatoEmail author
  • Takayuki Ito
Part of the Studies in Computational Intelligence book series (SCI, volume 638)


The Automated Negotiation Agents Competition (ANAC2014) was organized. Previous works proposed agents that had various strategies. In this paper, we developed a negotiation agent (WhaleAgent) for ANAC2014. WhaleAgent has two searching bid strategies and two bidding strategies. The searching bid strategies use Simulated Annealing and Hill Climbing. The bidding strategies are Hardheaded strategy and Conceder strategy. We describe these strategies based on the heuristics.


  1. 1.
    ANAC2014—Automated Negotiating Agents Competition 2014 (ANAC 2014).
  2. 2.
    van Krimpen, T., Looije, D., Hajizadeh, S.: Hardheaded. In: Complex Automated Negotiations: Theories, Models, and Software Competitions. Springer, Berlin (2013), pp. 223–227Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Fatima, S.S., Wooldridge, M., Jennings, N.R.: Optimal negotiation strategies for agents with incomplete information. Intelligent Agents VIII. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg (2002), pp. 377–392Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Nagoya Institute of TechnologyNagoyaJapan

Personalised recommendations