Detection of Surface Defects of Type ‘orange skin’ in Furniture Elements with Conventional Image Processing Methods
An attempt was made to differentiate between surfaces of furniture elements having the orange skin defect and those free from it. As the detectors, the directional derivative of the image intensity along the dominating light direction and the modulus of the image intensity gradient were used. The detectors were tested on series of images with the small and large light incident angles. In case of both detectors, there existed sufficiently wide ranges of thresholds for which both sensitivity and specificity were \(100\,\%\) for all the 19 images tested. The ranges of thresholds were wider for the light closer to tangential, and for the detector using the gradient modulus, than for the other cases. The optimum scale of the detectors was found different for each light conditions.
KeywordsDefect detection Quality inspection Furniture elements Orange skin Directional derivative Gradient modulus Image intensity
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