Two Plane Volumetric Display for Simultaneous Independent Images at Multiple Depths

  • Marco Visentini-ScarzanellaEmail author
  • Takuto Hirukawa
  • Hiroshi Kawasaki
  • Ryo Furukawa
  • Shinsaku Hiura
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9555)


We propose a new projection system to visualise different independent images simultaneously on planes placed at different depths within a volume using multiple projectors. This is currently not possible with traditional systems, and we achieve it by projecting interference patterns rather than simple images. The main research issue is therefore to determine how to compute a distributed interference pattern that would recombine into multiple target images when projected by the different projectors. In this paper, we show that while the problem is not solvable exactly, good approximations can be obtained through optimization techniques. We also propose a practical calibration framework and validate our method by showing the technique in action with a prototype system. The system opens up significant new possibilities to extend projection mapping techniques to dynamic environments for artistic purposes, as well as visual assessment of distances.



This work was supported by The Japanese Foundation for the Promotion of Science, Grant-in-Aid for JSPS Fellows no. 26.04041.


  1. 1.
    Amano, T., Kato, H.: Appearance enhancement using a projector-camera feedback system. In: International Conference on Pattern Recognition (ICPR), pp. 1–4 (2008)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Barnum, P.C., Narasimhan, S.G., Kanade, T.: A multi-layered display with water drops. ACM Trans. Graph. (TOG) 29(4), 76 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Barrett, R., Berry, M., Chan, T.F., Demmel, J., Donato, J., Dongarra, J., Eijkhout, V., Pozo, R., Romine, C., der Vorst, H.V.: Templates for the Solution of Linear Systems: Building Blocks for Iterative Methods, 2nd edn. SIAM, Philadelphia (1994)CrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bimber, O., Emmerling, A.: Multifocal projection: a multiprojector technique for increasing focal depth. IEEE Trans. Vis. Comput. Graph. 12(4), 658–667 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Godin, G., Massicotte, P., Borgeat, L.: High-resolution insets in projector-based display: principle and techniques. In: SPIE Proceedings: Stereoscopic Displays and Virtual Reality Systems XIII, vol. 6055 (2006)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hirsch, M., Wetzstein, G., Raskar, R.: A compressive light field projection system. ACM Trans. Graph. (TOG) 33(4), 58 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Iwai, D.: Extended depth-of-field projector by fast focal sweep projection. IEEE Trans. Vis. Comput. Graph. 21, 462–470 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Jurik, J., Jones, A., Bolas, M., Debevec, P.: Prototyping a light field display involving direct observation of a video projector array. In: IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition Workshops (CVPRW), pp. 15–20 (2011)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kagami, S.: Range-finding projectors: visualizing range information without sensors. In: IEEE International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality (ISMAR), pp. 239–240, October 2010Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Levoy, M., Chen, B., Vaish, V., Horowitz, M., McDowall, I., Bolas, M.: Synthetic aperture confocal imaging. ACM Trans. Graph. 23(3), 825–834 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Nagano, K., Jones, A., Liu, J., Busch, J., Yu, X., Bolas, M., Debevec, P.: An autostereoscopic projector array optimized for 3d facial display. In: ACM SIGGRApPH 2013 Emerging Technologies, SIGGRAPH 2013, p. 3:1 (2013)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Nakamura, R., Sakaue, F., Sato, J.: Emphasizing 3D structure visually using coded projection from multiple projectors. In: Kimmel, R., Klette, R., Sugimoto, A. (eds.) ACCV 2010, Part II. LNCS, vol. 6493, pp. 109–122. Springer, Heidelberg (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Paige, C.C., Saunders, M.A.: Lsqr: an algorithm for sparse linear equations and sparse least squares. ACM Trans. Math. Softw. 8, 43–71 (1982)MathSciNetCrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Tsao, C.C., Chen, J.S.: Moving screen projection: a new approach for volumetric three-dimensional display. In: SPIE Projection Displays II, vol. 2650, pp. 254–264 (1996)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marco Visentini-Scarzanella
    • 1
    Email author
  • Takuto Hirukawa
    • 1
  • Hiroshi Kawasaki
    • 1
  • Ryo Furukawa
    • 2
  • Shinsaku Hiura
    • 2
  1. 1.Computer Vision and Graphics LaboratoryKagoshima UniversityKagoshimaJapan
  2. 2.Graduate School of Information SciencesHiroshima City UniversityHiroshimaJapan

Personalised recommendations