ICSOFT 2015: Software Technologies pp 269-286 | Cite as

Annotating Goals with Concerns in Goal-Oriented Requirements Engineering

  • Shinpei HayashiEmail author
  • Wataru Inoue
  • Haruhiko Kaiya
  • Motoshi Saeki
Conference paper
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 586)


In goal-oriented requirements analysis, goals specify multiple concerns such as functions, strategies, and non-functions, and they are refined into sub goals from mixed views of these concerns. This intermixture of concerns in goals makes it difficult for a requirements analyst to understand and maintain goal refinements. Separating concerns and specifying them explicitly is one of the useful approaches to improve the understandability of goal refinements, i.e., the relations between goals and their sub goals. In this paper, we propose a technique to annotate goals with the concerns they have in order to support the understanding of goal refinement. In our approach, goals are refined into sub goals referring to the annotated concerns, and these concerns annotated to a goal and its sub goals provide the meaning of its goal refinement. By tracing and focusing on the annotated concerns, requirements analysts can understand goal refinements and modify unsuitable ones. We have developed a supporting tool and made an exploratory experiment to evaluate the usefulness of our approach.


Goal-oriented requirements engineering Concern Goal refinement 



This work was partly supported by JSPS Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research (#15K00088 and #15K00109).


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shinpei Hayashi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Wataru Inoue
    • 1
  • Haruhiko Kaiya
    • 2
  • Motoshi Saeki
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceTokyo Institute of TechnologyTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Department of Information SciencesKanagawa UniversityHiratsukaJapan

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