Canada, a Fertile Ground for Intergroup Relations and Social Identity Theory
In this chapter we will present three different contexts of intergroup relations that offer a fertile ground for the application of Social Identity Theory in the Canadian context. The first context is that of Aboriginal Canadians and their evolving relationship with non-Aboriginal Canadians. The second context focuses on French–English relations, as their history and languages lay the foundation for Canada’s bilingual and bicultural context of intergroup relations. The third context focuses on immigration (i.e. older vs. newer Canadians) and how changing patterns of immigration have led to different intergroup issues involving social identities based on language, ethnicity, race, and religion. For each of the three contexts we will speak to (1) the nature of social identity, (2) the disadvantaged status of the target group, and (3) the strategies used by group members in each context to achieve a positive social identity.
KeywordsAboriginal Canadians French–English relations Immigration Multiculturalism
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