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Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma

  • Sasha Stephen
  • Ellen J. Kim
  • Camille E. Introcaso
  • Stephen K. Richardson
  • Alain H. Rook
Chapter

Abstract

Cutaneous T-cell lymphomas (CTCLs) are a group of extranodal non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas (NHLs) that present primarily in the skin. The most common type of CTCLs, mycosis fungoides (MF) and Sézary Syndrome (SS), were first described over two centuries ago, and since that time, the clinical characteristics, pathophysiology, and immunobiology have been characterized in detail. Derived from skin-homing, mature, effector T-cells that usually express CLA/CD4/CCR4/CCR10 and lack T-cell markers CD7 and/or CD26, the malignant MF/SS cells typically have a Th2 phenotype. With more advanced disease, Th2 cytokines predominate and result in decreased host cell-mediated immunity that likely contributes to increased susceptibility to infection and disease progression. Early aggressive systemic chemotherapy has not been shown to improve overall survival in MF/SS and over the past 40 years [1] the therapeutic approach has undergone a paradigm shift, such that skin-directed therapies (SDTs) and systemic immune-modifying biologics play a central role in initial MF/SS management. This chapter will review MF/SS clinical presentation, staging work-up, pathophysiology, immunobiology, and how these have shaped current treatment strategies. In particular, MF/SS chemokine biology, immune defects, and immune modifying therapies, including the new frontier of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation will be specifically highlighted.

Keywords

Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma CTCL Non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas NHLs Mycosis fungoides MF Sézary Syndrome SS Dermatitis Psoriasis Parapsoriasis Skin condition Skin disease Tumor-node-metastasis-blood TNMB 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sasha Stephen
    • 1
  • Ellen J. Kim
    • 2
  • Camille E. Introcaso
    • 3
  • Stephen K. Richardson
    • 4
  • Alain H. Rook
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of DermatologyChildren’s Hospital of PhiladelphiaPhiladelphiaUSA
  2. 2.Department of DermatologyHospital of the University of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA
  3. 3.Department of DermatologyPennsylvania Centre DermatologyPhiladelphiaUSA
  4. 4.Department of DermatologyTallahassee Memorial Healthcare Hospital, Dermatology Associates of TallahasseeTallahasseeUSA
  5. 5.Department of DermatologyPerelman School of Medicine at the University of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA

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