Introduction: Drugs and Politics in the Americas: A Laboratory for Analysis

  • Beatriz Caiuby LabateEmail author
  • Clancy Cavnar
  • Thiago Rodrigues


It has become a truism that drug prohibitionism is a failure. The 100-year history of the repression against the production, trade, and consumption of a certain number of psychoactive drugs has not reached its declared goals. Those drugs that preoccupied and mobilized the pioneer prohibitionists at the dawn of the twentieth century are today just a fraction of the great amount of illegal substances crossing transborder routes and being used today. Since the initial national antidrug laws and the first international treaties, the variety, quantity, and potency of available illegal drugs has increased; the number of criminal organizations dedicated to this potent market has increased; and multiple levels of violence has spread worldwide from the Andean heights to the streets and slums of the world’s most crowded metropolises.


Psychoactive Drug Civil Society Organization Drug Policy Criminal Organization International Treaty 
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Beatriz Caiuby Labate
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
    Email author
  • Clancy Cavnar
    • 3
    • 5
  • Thiago Rodrigues
    • 3
    • 6
  1. 1.Center for Research and Post Graduate Studies in Social Anthropology (CIESAS)GuadalajaraMexico
  2. 2.Center for Economic Research and Education (CIDE)AguascalientesMexico
  3. 3.Nucleus for Interdisciplinary Studies of Psychoactives (NEIP)San FranciscoUSA
  4. 4.CIESAS OccidenteGuadalajaraMexico
  5. 5.Healthright360 Dual Diagnosis ProgramSan FranciscoUSA
  6. 6.Institute of Strategic Studies (INEST), Universidade Federal FluminenseRio de JaneiroBrazil

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