The EduFlow Model: A Contribution Toward the Study of Optimal Learning Environments

  • Jean HeutteEmail author
  • Fabien Fenouillet
  • Jonathan Kaplan
  • Charles Martin-Krumm
  • Rémi Bachelet


The intention of the following chapter is to shed light on primary factors that play a role in defining what we coin as an optimal learning environment, an environment that buttresses an experience of flow for learners (see Chap.  10 by Andersen in this volume). The chapter begins with an overview of flow related research reframed for the purpose of measuring the experience of flow in learning. A longitudinal study of flow experienced by students undertaking a Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) is described. The Flow in Education scale (EduFlow Scale) used in the study is described and the results of the study presented. The results illustrate the potential value and relevance of measuring flow in learning as well as the relation to the extended concept of cognitive absorption. We conclude the chapter with a presentation of a model of heuristic learning: the Individually Motivated Community model. The model builds upon three major theories of the self: Self-Determination, Self-Efficacy and Autotelism-Flow.


Community Flow MOOC Optimal learning environment Positive educational psychology 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jean Heutte
    • 1
    Email author
  • Fabien Fenouillet
    • 2
  • Jonathan Kaplan
    • 2
    • 3
  • Charles Martin-Krumm
    • 4
    • 5
    • 6
  • Rémi Bachelet
    • 7
  1. 1.Univ. Lille, EA 4354 – CIREL (Centre Interuniversitaire de Recherche en Education de Lille)LilleFrance
  2. 2.Chart-UPON - EA 4004University of NanterreNanterreFrance
  3. 3.ECP-EA 4571, ISPEFUniversité Lumière Lyon 2LyonFrance
  4. 4.APEMAC EA 4360 UDLMetzFrance
  5. 5.Institut de Recherche Biomédicale des Armées (IRBA)BrétignyFrance
  6. 6.IFEPS Angers Les Ponts de CéLes Ponts de CéFrance
  7. 7.Centrale LilleUniversité Lille Nord de FranceLilleFrance

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