Advertisement

Paracryphiaceae

Paracryphyiaceae Airy Shaw, Kew Bull. 18: 265 (1965).
  • W. C. Dickison
  • J. LundbergEmail author
Chapter
Part of the The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants book series (FAMILIES GENERA, volume 14)

Abstract

Shrubs to medium-sized trees, some vines. Leaves alternate to almost verticillate (Paracryphia), simple, margins finely serrate or sometimes entire; stipules absent; dense pubescence on young leaves, absent on mature foliage. Flowers in axillary or terminal racemes or compound spikes, bisexual or unisexual (plants andromonoecious); perianth differentiated into 4–5 sepals and 4–5 white, free, deciduous petals (Quintinia), or with undifferentiated perianth of 4 caducous, decussate, concave, free, imbricate segments (Paracryphia); stamens 4–5 (Quintinia) or ca. 8 (Paracryphia) in a single whorl; anthers basifixed, tetrasporangiate, with longitudinal dehiscence; ovary superior (Paracryphia) or inferior (Quintinia); 8–15- (Paracryphia) or 3–5-locular (Quintinia), ovules 4 per locule (Paracryphia) or numerous; style elongated with 3–5-lobed stigma (Quintinia), or absent (Paracryphia). Fruit capsular, septicidal; seeds small, winged in Paracryphia and most Quintina, copiously endospermic.

Keywords

Ellagic Acid Male Flower Vessel Element Bisexual Flower Unisexual Flower 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Selected Biography

  1. Agababyan, V.S. 1961. Materialy k palinosistematicheskomaizucheniyasemeistva Saxifragaceae s.l. Izv. Akad. Nauk Armyansk. S.S.R., Biol. Nauki 14: 45–61.Google Scholar
  2. Agababyan, V.S. 1964. Evolyutsia pyltsy v poryadkak Cunoniales i Saxifragales v svyazi s nekotoymi voprosami ikh sistematiki i filogenii. Izv. Akad. Nauk Armyansk. S.S.R., Biol. Nauki 17: 59–75.Google Scholar
  3. Agababyan, V.S., Zavaryan, E.L. 1971. Palynotaxonomy of the genus Paracryphia Bak.f. Biol. Zh. Arm. 24: 35–40.Google Scholar
  4. Airy Shaw, H.K. 1965. Diagnoses of new families, new names, etc., for the seventh edition of Willis’s “Dictionary”. Kew Bull. 18: 249–273.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Al-Shammary, K.I.A. 1991. Systematic studies of the Saxifragaceae s.l., chiefly from the southern hemisphere. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK.Google Scholar
  6. Al-Shammary, K.I.A., Gornall, R.J. 1994. Trichome anatomy of the Saxifragaceae s.l. from the southern hemisphere. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 114: 99–131.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Angiosperm Phylogeny Group III (APG III) 2009. An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 161: 105–121.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Baker, E.G. 1921. Systematic account of the plants collected in New Caledonia and the Isle of Pines by Prof. R.H. Compton, M.A., in 1914. Part 1. Dicotyledons. Polypetalae. J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 45: 264–325.Google Scholar
  9. Bausch, J. 1938. A revision of the Eucryphiaceae. Kew Bull. 1938: 317–349.Google Scholar
  10. Bensel, C.R., Palser, B.F. 1975. Floral anatomy in the Saxifragaceae sensu lato. III. Kirengeshomoideae, Hydrangeoideae and Escallonioideae. Amer. J. Bot. 62: 676–687.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Bremer, B., Bremer, K., Heidari, N., Erixon, P., Olmstead, R.G., Anderberg, A.A., Källersjö, M., Barkhordarian, E. 2002. Phylogenetics of asterids based on 3 coding and 3 non-coding chloroplast DNA markers and the utility of non-coding DNA at higher taxonomic levels. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 24: 274–301.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Carlquist, S. 1988. Comparative wood anatomy. Berlin: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Carlquist, S. 1992. Pit membrane remnants in perforation plates of primitive dicotyledons and their significance. Amer. J. Bot. 79: 660–672.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Dawson, M.I. 1995. Contributions to a chromosome atlas of the New Zealand flora – 33. Miscellaneous species. New Zeal. J. Bot. 33: 477–487.Google Scholar
  15. Dickison, W.C., Baas, P. 1977. The morphology and relationships of Paracryphia (Paracryphiaceae). Blumea 23: 417–438.Google Scholar
  16. Dravitzki, P.V. 1967. A comparative study of the wood anatomy and floral vascular systems of the New Zealand genera of the Escalloniaceae, Carpodetus, Ixerba and Quintinia. M.Sc. Thesis, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand.Google Scholar
  17. Friis, E.M. 1990. Silvianthemum suecicum gen. et sp. nov., a new saxifragalean flower from the Late Cretaceous of Sweden. Biol. Skrift. 36: 1–35.Google Scholar
  18. Gardner, R.O. 1976. Studies in Alseuosmiaceae. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.Google Scholar
  19. Gornall, R.J., Al-Shammary, K.I.A., Gregory, M. 1998. Escalloniaceae. In: Cutler, D.F., Gregory, M. (eds.) Anatomy of the Dicotyledons. Ed. 2. Oxford: Clarendon Press, pp. 41–86.Google Scholar
  20. Gustafsson, M.H.G. 1995. Petal venation in the Asterales and related orders. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 118: 1–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Hideux, M.J., Ferguson, I.K. 1976. The stereostructure of the exine and its evolutionary significance in Saxifragaceae sensu lato. In: Ferguson, I.K., Muller, J. (eds.) The evolutionary significance of the exine. Linnean Society Symposium Series, no. 1. London: Academic Press, pp. 327–377.Google Scholar
  22. Holle, G. 1893. Beiträge zur Anatomie der Saxifragaceen und deren systematische Verwerthung. Bot. Centralbl. 53: 1–9, 33–41, 65–70, 97–102, 129–136, 161–169, 209–222.Google Scholar
  23. Jansen, S., Broadley, M.R., Robbrecht, E., Smets, E. 2002. Aluminium hyperaccumulation in Angiosperms: a review of its phylogenetic significance. Bot. Rev. 68: 235–269.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Jordan, G.J. 1997. Evidence of Pleistocene plant extinction and diversity from Regatta Point, western Tasmania, Australia. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 123: 45–71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Lundberg, J. 2001. Phylogenetic studies in the Euasterids II with particular reference to Asterales and Escalloniaceae. Ph.D. Thesis, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.Google Scholar
  26. Martin, H.A. 1973. The palynology of some Tertiary Pleistocene deposits, Lachlan River Valley, New South Wales. Austral. J. Bot., Suppl. Ser. 6: 1–57.Google Scholar
  27. Mildenhall, D.C. 1980. New Zealand Late Cretaceous and Cenozoic plant biogeography: a contribution. Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclimatol. Palaeoecol. 31: 197–233.Google Scholar
  28. Nemirovich-Danchenko, E.N. (ed.) 2000. Sravnitel’najaanatomijasemjan. Vol. 6. Dvudol’nye. Rosidae II. St. Petersburg: Academia Scientiarum Rossica, Institutum Botanicum Nomine V. L. Komarovii NAUKA.Google Scholar
  29. Patel, R.N. 1973. Wood anatomy of the dicotyledons indigenous to New Zealand. New Zeal. J. Bot. 11: 421–434.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Philipson, W.R. 1967. Griselinia Forst. fil.–anomaly or link. New Zeal. J. Bot. 5: 134–165.Google Scholar
  31. Philipson, W.R. 1974. Ovular morphology and the major classification of the dicotyledons. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 68: 89–108.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Pole, M. 2010. Was New Zealand a primary source for the New Caledonian flora? Alcheringa 34: 61–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Savolainen, V., Fay, M.F., Albach, D.C., Backlund, A., van der Bank, M., Cameron, K.M., Johnson, S.A., Lledó, M.D., Pintaud, J.-C., Powell, M., Sheahan, M.C., Soltis, D.E., Soltis, P.S., Weston, P., Whitten, W.M., Wurdack, K.J., Chase, M.W. 2000. Phylogeny of the eudicots: a nearly complete familial analysis based on rbcL gene sequences. Kew Bull. 55: 257–309.Google Scholar
  34. Takhtajan, A. 1997. Diversity and classification of flowering plants. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  35. Tank, D.C., Donoghue, M.J. 2010. Phylogeny and phylogenetic nomenclature of the Campanulidae based on an expanded sample of genes and taxa. Syst. Bot. 35: 425–441.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. van Royen, P. 1983. The alpine flora of New Guinea. Vol. 4. Vaduz, Lichtenstein: J. Cramer.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Formerly at University of North CarolinaChapel HillUSA
  2. 2.Department of BotanyThe Swedish Museum of Natural HistoryStockholmSweden

Personalised recommendations