Women and Children at the Centre of Preventing Organised Crime

Chapter

Abstract

There are constant debates about what organised crime is and how to define it, and this despite the fact that organised crime has accompanied humanity from the beginning of early civilisations. The development has seemed to be more affecting the role of women in organised crime groups then the behavioural aspects of the criminal activities in which organised crime groups engage in; technological advances have affected the modus operandi, yet the core activities of smuggling, white slavery, forced prostitution and other acts have remained the same. This can also be stated for children that were always exploited by organised (crime) groups. On the other hand, evolution and an ever-changing degree of female emancipation in legal spheres of societies are reflected in criminal activities undertaken by women. The more active the roles that women have, which can be achieved legitimately in society, the more power they can also achieve in the hierarchy of organised crime. However, organised crime can also give strength to women in societies that hamper the formal acquisition of power for women, therefore making organised crime an attractive alternative. Egalitarian societies have provided possibilities for women to engage in business or politics and this has translated into possibilities for them to also be engaged in organised white-collar crime. Victims of white-collar crime are not gender specific, but children probably are affected most since their health and future is more fragile. Yet, ironically, it is the moral quality and knowledge of future generations that can change society for the better. We see education and knowledge as the most important factor for prevention. Yet in the end, it all depends on the integrity of policy makers.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of MariborMariborSlovenia

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