Students’ Reading Behavior: Digital vs. Print Preferences in Portuguese Context

  • Ana Lúcia Terra
Conference paper
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 552)


This paper presents and discusses data from a survey on students’ reading format preferences and behavior considering digital or print options. The questionnaire was administered in Polytechnic Institute of Porto, Portugal, and 262 complete answers were gathered, mainly from undergraduates. The analysis of the results will be contextualized on a literature review concerning youngsters’ reading format preferences. The importance of language and text dimension to determine the preference format is discussed. Format influence in the students reading behavior, including aspects such as ability to remember, opinions on access convenience, active engagement with the text by highlighting and annotating, and ability to review and concentrate on the text will be analyzed.


Academic reading Print reading Digital reading College students Portugal 


  1. 1.
    Mangen, A., Walgermo, B.R., Brønnick, K.: Reading linear texts on paper versus computer screen: effects on reading comprehension. Int. J. Educ. Res. 58, 61–68 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Woody, W.D., Daniel, D.B., Baker, C.A.: E-books or textbooks: students prefer textbooks. Comput. Educ. 55(3), 945–948 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Liu, Z.: Print vs. electronic resources: a study of user perceptions, preferences, and use. Inf. Process. Manage. 42(2), 583–592 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ji, S.W., Michaels, S., Waterman, D.: Print vs. electronic readings in college courses: cost-efficiency and perceived learning. Internet Higher Educ. 21, 17–24 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Rockinson-Szapkiw, A.J., Courduff, J., Carter, K., Bennett, D.: Electronic versus traditional print textbooks: a comparison study on the influence of university students’ learning. Comput. Educ. 63, 259–266 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Siegenthaler, E., Wurtz, P., Bergamin, P., Groner, R.: comparing reading processes on e-ink displays and print. Displays 32(5), 268–273 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Chen, G., Cheng, W., Chang, T.-W., Zheng, X., Huang, R.: A comparison of reading comprehension across paper, computer screens, and tablets: does tablet familiarity matter? J. Comput. Educ. 1(2–3), 213–225 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Margolin, S.J., Driscoll, C., Toland, M.J., Kegler, J.L.: E-readers, computer screens, or paper: does reading comprehension change across media platforms? Applied Cogn. Psychol. 27(4), 512–519 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Terra, A.L.: Information literacy skills of Portuguese LIS students: some topics on evaluation of resources credibility. In: Kurbanoğlu, S., Špiranec, S., Grassian, E., Mizrachi, D., Catts, R. (eds.) ECIL 2014. CCIS, vol. 492, pp. 752–762. Springer, Heidelberg (2014)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Mizrachi, D.: Online or print: which do students prefer? In: Kurbanoğlu, S., Špiranec, S., Grassian, E., Mizrachi, D., Catts, R. (eds.) ECIL 2014. CCIS, vol. 492, pp. 733–742. Springer, Heidelberg (2014)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Mizrachi, D.: Undergraduates’ academic reading format preferences and behaviors. J. Acad. Librarianship 43(3), 301–311 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Foasberg, N.M.: Student reading practices in print and electronic media. Coll. Res. Libr. 75(5), 705–723 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Open Access This chapter is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 2.5 International License (, which permits any noncommercial use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license and indicate if changes were made.

The images or other third party material in this chapter are included in the chapter's Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the chapter's Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder.

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Polytechnic Institute of Porto, CETAC.MEDIAPortoPortugal

Personalised recommendations