Exploring Seamless Connectivity and Proactive Handover Techniques in VANET Systems

  • Glenford Mapp
  • Arindam Gosh
  • Vishnu Vardhan Paranthaman
  • Victor Otite Iniovosa
  • Jonathan Loo
  • Alexey Vinel
Part of the Studies in Systems, Decision and Control book series (SSDC, volume 52)


In order to provide Dependable Vehicular Communications for Improved Road Safety, it is necessary to have reliable Vehicular-to-Infrastructure (V2I) and Vehicle-to-Vehicle (V2V) communication. Such requirements demand that the handover process as vehicles move between adjacent Roadside Units (RSUs) be examined in detail to understand how seamless communication can be achieved. Since the use of beacons is a key part of VANETs, it is necessary to investigate how the beaconing process affects the opportunities to effect handovers. A framework is needed to be able to calculate the regions of overlap in adjacent RSU coverage ranges to guarantee ubiquitous connectivity. A highly mobile environment, therefore, makes this a serious challenge and points to the need to look at proactive handover techniques. This chapter, therefore, explores the development of the proactive handover mechanisms required to provide seamless connectivity and dependable communication in VANET environments.


  1. 1.
    M. Almulla et al., Design of a fast location-based handoff scheme for IEEE 802.11 vehicular networks. IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol. 63(8), 3853–3866 (2014). ISSN: 0018-9545, doi:10.1109/TVT.2014.2309677
  2. 2.
    M. Augusto et al., MYHand: a novel architecture for improving handovers in NGNs (2014). http://www.thinkmind.org/index.php?view=article&articleid=aict_2013_9_40_10181
  3. 3.
    S. Bi et al., Proper handover between VANET and cellular network improves internet access, in Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC Fall), 2014 IEEE 80th September 2014, pp. 1–5. doi:10.1109/VTCFall.2014.6966137
  4. 4.
    P. Fuxjager et al., IEEE 802.11 p transmission using GNURadio, in Proceedings of the IEEE 6th Karlsruhe Workshop on Software Radios (WSR) (2010), pp. 83–86. http://userver.ftw.at/~valerio/files/wsr10.pdf
  5. 5.
    C. Ganan et al., Analysis of inter-RSU beaconing interference in VANETs, in Multiple Access Communications, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, ed. by B. Bellalta, et al. (Springer, Berlin, 2012), pp. 49–59. ISBN: 978-3-642-34975-1, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-34976-8
  6. 6.
    A. Ghosh et al., Exploring efficient seamless handover in VANET systems using network dwell time. EURASIP J. Wirel. Commun. Netw. 2014(1), 227 (2014). ISSN: 1687-1499, doi:10.1186/1687-1499-2014-227
  7. 7.
    A. Ghosh et al., Providing ubiquitous communication using handover techniques in VANET systems, in Ad Hoc Networking Workshop (MED-HOCNET), 2014 13th Annual Mediterranean June 2014, pp. 195–202. doi:10.1109/MedHocNet.2014.6849124
  8. 8.
    A. Ghosh et al., Providing ubiquitous communication using road-side units in VANET systems: Unveiling the challenges, in 13th International Conference on ITS Telecommunications (ITST), 2013 November 2013, pp. 74–79. doi:10.1109/ITST.2013.6685524
  9. 9.
    IEEE-Std, IEEE Draft Standard for Wireless Access in Vehicular Environments (WAVE)—Multi-Channel Operation (2010). http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/servlet/opac?punumber=5511462
  10. 10.
    IEEE-Std, IEEE Standard for Information technology-Local and metropolitan area networks-Specific requirements-Part 11: Wireless LAN Medium Access Control (MAC) and Physical Layer (PHY) Specifications—Amendment 8: Medium Access Control (MAC) Quality of Service Enhancements (2005). doi:10.1109/IEEESTD.2005.97890, http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/IEEESTD.2005.97890
  11. 11.
    G. Mapp et al., Exploiting location and contextual information to develop a comprehensive framework for proactive handover in heterogeneous environments. J. Comput. Netw. Commun. 2012 Article ID 748163, pp. 1–17 (2012). doi:10.1155/2012/748163
  12. 12.
    G. Mapp et al., Exploring efficient imperative handover mechanisms for heterogeneous wireless networks, in International Conference on Network-Based Information Systems, 2009. NBIS ’09 August 2009, pp. 286–291. doi:10.1109/NBiS.2009.95
  13. 13.
    G.E. Mapp et al., Y-Comm: a global architecture for heterogeneous networking, in Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Wireless Internet. WICON ’07. Austin, Texas, ICST (Institute for Computer Sciences, Social-Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering) (2007) pp. 22:1–22:5. ISBN: 978-963-9799-12-7, http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=1460047.1460075
  14. 14.
    K. Sjoberg et al., Measuring and using the RSSI of IEEE 802.11p. eng. Busan, South Korea (2010)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    C. Sommer, VEINS: vehicles in network simulation (2014). http://veins.car2x.org/
  16. 16.
    C. Sommer, R. German, F. Dressler, Bidirectionally coupled network and road traffic simulation for improved IVC analysis. IEEE Trans. Mob. Comput. 10(1), 3–15 (2011). ISSN: 1536-1233, doi:10.1109/TMC.2010.133
  17. 17.
    A. Varga, OMNeT++: an extensible, modular, component-based C++ network simulation (2014). http://www.omnetpp.org/
  18. 18.
    A. Vinel et al., Estimation of a successful beacon reception probability in vehicular Ad-hoc networks, in Proceedings of the 2009 International Conference on Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing: Connecting the World Wirelessly. IWCMC ’09. (ACM, Leipzig, Germany, 2009) pp. 416–420. ISBN: 978-1-60558-569-7, doi:10.1145/1582379.1582470, http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1582379.1582470
  19. 19.
    A. Vinel, D. Staehle, A. Turlikov, Study of beaconing for Car-to-Car communication in vehicular Ad-hoc networks, in IEEE International Conference on Communications Workshops, 2009. ICC Workshops 2009 June 2009, pp. 1–5. doi:10.1109/ICCW.2009.5208066
  20. 20.
    J. Wang, Q.-A. Zeng, D.P. Agrawal, Performance analysis of a preemptive and priority reservation handoff scheme for integrated servicebased wireless mobile networks. IEEE Trans. Mob. Comput. 2(1), 65–75 (2003). ISSN: 1536-1233, doi:10.1109/TMC.2003.1195152

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Glenford Mapp
    • 1
  • Arindam Gosh
    • 1
  • Vishnu Vardhan Paranthaman
    • 1
  • Victor Otite Iniovosa
    • 1
  • Jonathan Loo
    • 1
  • Alexey Vinel
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Science and TechnologyMiddlesex UniversityLondonUK
  2. 2.School of Information TechnologyHalmstad UniversityHalmstadSweden

Personalised recommendations