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Surgical Management of Pediatric Cataract in India

  • Virender Sachdeva
  • Ramesh KekunnayaEmail author
Chapter
  • 672 Downloads

Abstract

Childhood blindness due to pediatric cataract is one of the major causes of avoidable blindness in children in developing countries (including India) [1]. It has been estimated that out of 1.4 million blind children globally, 190,000 (14 %) are due to lens-related conditions [2, 3]. India may have the largest burden of avoidable childhood blindness in the world, most of which is due to congenital and developmental cataracts [4–6]. The high incidence of pediatric cataracts in India has been attributed to maternal infections, especially rubella, malnutrition and consanguinity. Within India, the magnitude of the problem is believed to be greater in south India due to a high prevalance of consanguineous marriages. Hence, pediatric cataract management is one of the highest priority issues of government authorities and non-governmental organisations (NGOs) focused on ophthalmological conditions.

Keywords

Cataract Surgery Congenital Rubella Syndrome Anterior Vitrectomy Traumatic Cataract Pediatric Ophthalmologist 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Supplementary material

Video 12.1

Lens aspiration, anterior vitrectomy, primary posterior capsulotomy and in-the-bag IOL implantation (MPG 76942 kb)

Video 12.2

Primary posterior capsulotomy after implantation of the IOL in the capsular bag (MPG 23350 kb)

Video 12.3

Cataract surgery in a child with thick anterior capsular plaque (MPG 27284 kb)

Video 12.4

Cataract surgery in a child with posterior lenticonus (MPG 1815 kb)

Video 12.5

Cataract surgery in a child with persistent fetal vasculature (MOV 16968 kb)

Video 12.6a

Surgical technique used when there is adhesion between anterior capsule and cortex/posterior capsule (MPG 60576 kb)

Video 12.6b

(MPG 27056 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Paediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus Services, Child Sight InstituteJasti V Ramanamma Children’s Eye Care CenterHyderabadIndia

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