Towards Valuation Multidimensional Business Failure Risk for the Companies Listed on the Bucharest Stock Exchange

  • Ştefan Cristian GherghinaEmail author
  • Georgeta Vintilă
Conference paper
Part of the Eurasian Studies in Business and Economics book series (EBES, volume 3/2)


Current research aims at developing a comprehensive financial instrument towards valuation business failure risk for a sample of 69 companies listed on the Bucharest Stock Exchange in 2013. There were considered several financial ratios such as liquidity ratios (e.g., current ratio, quick ratio, cash ratio), indebtedness ratios (e.g., general indebtedness ratio, financial stability ratio, global financial autonomy ratio, financial independence ratio, borrowing capacity ratio, long-term financial autonomy, leverage ratio, debt service coverage ratio), as well as solvency ratios (e.g., global solvency ratio and patrimonial solvency ratio). By taking into consideration the large number of selected ratios, we employed the principal component analysis as multidimensional analysis technique which ensures the non-redundant decomposition of the total variability out of the initial causal space through a lower number of components. Thereby, there were retained five principal components (being underlined liquidity, financial autonomy, financial independence, debt service coverage ratio, and solvency) which cumulate 90.5895 % of the initial information. Subsequently, based on the selected principal components we reported the aggregate business failure risk indicator.


Business failure risk Principal component analysis Correlation matrix Eigenvectors Eigenvalues 



This work was cofinanced from the European Social Fund through Sectoral Operational Programme Human Resources Development 2007–2013, project number POSDRU/159/1.5/S/134197 “Performance and excellence in doctoral and postdoctoral research in Romanian economics science domain”.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ştefan Cristian Gherghina
    • 1
    Email author
  • Georgeta Vintilă
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of FinanceBucharest University of Economic StudiesBucharestRomania

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