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Climate in the Past and Present in the Czech Lands in the Central European Context

  • Jan HradeckýEmail author
  • Rudolf Brázdil
Chapter
Part of the World Geomorphological Landscapes book series (WGLC)

Abstract

Central Europe and Czech Lands (recent Czech Republic) itself have recently represented an area with a transitional type between the oceanic and continental types of temperate climate. The climate changed during geological history and various climates played an important role in the evolution of landforms due to changes in type and intensity of weathering and earth surface processes. This chapter describes general trends in climate oscillations during the Tertiary and the Quaternary within the Czech Lands and Central Europe. Climatological and hydrological extremes and fluctuations during the last centuries are along with human activity fundamental drivers of recent changes in the landscape evolution.

Keywords

Climate Tertiary Quaternary Climate oscillations Climatological and hydrological extremes 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Rudolf Brázdil acknowledges support by the Grant Agency of the Czech Republic for the project no. P209/11/0956. Petr Dobrovolný is acknowledged for providing data for Fig. 3.1, L. Řezníčková for the elaboration of Figs. 3.1 and 3.2 and Václav Škarpich for the elaboration of Fig. 3.1. Jan Hradecký acknowledges support by the Student Grant Competition of the University of Ostrava (SGS18/PřF/2015-2016).

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physical Geography and GeoecologyFaculty of Science, University of OstravaOstravaCzech Republic
  2. 2.Institute of Geography, Faculty of ScienceMasaryk UniversityBrnoCzech Republic
  3. 3.Global Change Research CentreCzech Academy of SciencesBrnoCzech Republic

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