Tropical Tree Physiology pp 127-147

Part of the Tree Physiology book series (TREE, volume 6) | Cite as

Flood Tolerant Trees in Seasonally Inundated Lowland Tropical Floodplains

  • Pia Parolin
  • Leandro V. Ferreira
  • Maria Teresa F. Piedade
  • Cátia Nunes da Cunha
  • Florian Wittmann
  • Mauricio E. Arias
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter focuses on trees and their responses to flooding in large fresh water flood-pulsed ecosystems. The regularity and predictability of the flood pulse has allowed for the development of adaptations by which a large number of tree species are able to grow in ecosystems subjected to seasonally inundated sites. By comparing diversity and tree responses in four floodplain ecosystems on different continents, we attempt to improve our understanding of the factors influencing spatial distribution of plants, diversity of species and adaptations and thus contribute to our knowledge of tropical wetland ecology. In this way, we hope to assist in the successful restoration of degraded floodplains and promote the sustainable use and conservation of these highly valuable ecosystems.

Keywords

Anoxic soils Fresh water flooding Growth rings Hypoxia Waterlogging 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pia Parolin
    • 1
    • 2
  • Leandro V. Ferreira
    • 3
  • Maria Teresa F. Piedade
    • 4
  • Cátia Nunes da Cunha
    • 5
  • Florian Wittmann
    • 6
  • Mauricio E. Arias
    • 7
  1. 1.Biocentre Klein Flottbek and Botanical GardenUniversity of HamburgHamburgGermany
  2. 2.INRA French National Institute for Agricultural ResearchUniv. Nice Sophia Antipolis, CNRS, UMR 1355-7254 Institut Sophia AgrobiotechSophia AntipolisFrance
  3. 3.Museu Paraense Emílio GoeldiBelémBrazil
  4. 4.INPAManausBrazil
  5. 5.Departamento de Botânica e EcologiaUniversidade Federal de Mato GrossoCuiabáBrazil
  6. 6.Department of BiogeochemistryMax Planck Institute for LimnologyMainzGermany
  7. 7.Department of Organismic and Evolutionary BiologyCambridgeUSA

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