International Symposium on Graph Drawing and Network Visualization

Graph Drawing and Network Visualization pp 558-560 | Cite as

Gestalt Principles in Graph Drawing

  • Stephen G. Kobourov
  • Tamara Mchedlidze
  • Laura Vonessen
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9411)

Abstract

Gestalt principles are rules for the organization of perceptual scenes. They were introduced in the context of philosophy and psychology in the 19th century and were used to define principles of human perception in the early 20th century. The Gestalt (form, in German) principles include, among others: proximity, the grouping of closely positioned objects; similarity, the grouping of objects of similar shape or color; continuation, the grouping of objects that form a continuous pattern; and symmetry, the grouping of objects that form symmetric patterns. Gestalt principles have been extensively applied in user interface design, graphic design, and information visualization.

References

  1. 1.
    Bennett, C., Ryall, J., Spalteholz, L., Gooch, A.: The aesthetics of graph visualization. In: Computational Aesthetics 2007, pp. 57–64 (2007)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Huang, W., Eades, P., Hong, S.-H.: Beyond time and error: a cognitive approach to the evaluation of graph drawings. In: BELIV 2008, pp. 3:1–3:8 (2008)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Rusu, A., Fabian, A., Jianu, R., Rusu, A.: Using the Gestalt principle of closure to alleviate the edge crossing problem in graph drawings. In: IV 2011, pp. 488–493, July 2011Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Sun, D., Wong, K.: On evaluating the layout of UML class diagrams for program comprehension. In: IWPC 2005, pp. 317–326, May 2005Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Eades, P., Hong, S.-H.: Symmetric graph drawing. In: Tamassia, R. (ed.) Handbook of Graph Drawing and Visualization. Discrete Mathematics and Its Applications. Chapman & Hall/CRC, Boca Raton (2007). ISBN 1584884126Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    van Ham, F., Rogowitz, B.: Perceptual organization in user-generated graph layouts. IEEE Trans. Visual. Comput. Graph. 14(6), 1333–1339 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Vehlow, C., Beck, F., Weiskopf, D.: The state of the art in visualizing group structures in graphs. In: Eurographics Conference on Visualization (EuroVis) - STARs (2015)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Ware, C., Purchase, H., Colpoys, L., McGill, M.: Cognitive measurements of graph aesthetics. Inf. Visual. 1(2), 103–110 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stephen G. Kobourov
    • 1
  • Tamara Mchedlidze
    • 2
  • Laura Vonessen
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceUniversity of ArizonaTucsonUSA
  2. 2.Institute of Theoretical InformaticsKarlsruhe Institute of TechnologyKarlsruheGermany

Personalised recommendations