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The Meaning of Doctorate Holders for Human Capital Development of Nations

  • Dirk MeissnerEmail author
  • Leonid Gokhberg
  • Natalia Shmatko
Chapter
Part of the Science, Technology and Innovation Studies book series (STAIS)

Abstract

Given the constantly high demand for skilled workers in professions and industries around the world, national governments strive for developing and implementing comprehensive and sustained policy measures to develop human potential of countries. This is especially done by educating people towards tertiary graduates and most recently by enforcing doctoral education and training. The aim of these initiatives is to make highly qualified graduates available to the labor market with the ambition to achieve and maintain sustainable competitiveness of the national labor force (OECD 2011). There is consensus that if countries want to develop and maintain competencies and capacities for science, technology and innovation the education and training system needs to be strengthened at all its levels.

Keywords

Labor Market Labor Force Doctoral Student Skilled Professional National Innovation System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The chapter was prepared within the framework of the Basic Research Program at the National Research University Higher School of Economics (HSE) and supported within the framework of a subsidy by the Russian Academic Excellence Project ‘5-100’.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dirk Meissner
    • 1
    Email author
  • Leonid Gokhberg
    • 1
  • Natalia Shmatko
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Statistical Studies and Economics of KnowledgeNational Research University Higher School of EconomicsMoscowRussia

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