Advertisement

Venice Reshaped? Tourist Gentrification and Sense of Place

  • Paola Minoia
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter is aimed to explore the role of tourism in reshaping historical cities, particularly into forms of cosmopolitan consumption. New mobility paradigms seem to merge production and consumption patterns of tourists and residents, all influenced by similar gazing and performing places. The iconic case of Venice shows patterns of staged authenticity, reconstructed ethnicity, and economy of subordination. Drivers to visit Venice include experiences in a setting that is densely characterised by cultural heritage; however, the tourist monoculture and cosmopolitan consumption have depleted the original elements of this attraction: traditional places, residents, livelihoods, material and immaterial cultures. Culture markets and international events, architectural and environmental restoration, together with private forms of transport in the fragile lagoon ecosystem, have transformed the historical city and its unique lifestyle into a place for cosmopolitan consumption, involving tourists together with new residents, sometimes integrating wealthy long-term residents in this overall tourism gentrification. Deprived of great part of what is considered to be the old and conservative block of residents, the gentrified residents acquire spaces for their cultural activities and political acts in their ‘saving Venice’ projects. Two gentrifying groups are described in this chapter: super rich with their philanthropic associations, and intellectuals. Despite clear differences in their causes and agency, both share common visions over leisurely uses of the lagoon city, artistic production and consumption of its heritage. Sustainability questions could instead propose to start from local memories to reconstruct Venice as a complex urban space with more inclusive sense of place.

Keywords

Gentrification Tourism Authentication Cosmopolitan consumption Right to the city Sense of place 

References

  1. Ashworth G, Page SJ (2011) Urban tourist research: recent progress and current paradoxes. Tour Manag 32(1):1–15CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Coles T, Church A (2007) Tourism, politics and the forgotten entanglements of power. In: Church A, Coles T (eds) Tourism, power and space. Routledge, New York, NY, pp 1–42Google Scholar
  3. Corbillé S (2013) Paris bourgeoise, Paris bohème: La ruée vers l’Est. Presses Universitaires de France, ParisGoogle Scholar
  4. Costa N, Martinotti G (2003) Sociological theories of tourism and regulation theory. In: Hoffman LM, Feinstein SS, Judd DR (eds) Cities and visitors. Regulating people, markets and city space. Blackwell, Malden, pp 53–71Google Scholar
  5. Duncan T (2012) The ‘mobilities turn’ and the geography of tourism. In: Wilson J (ed) The Routledge handbook of tourism geographies. Routledge, Abingdon, pp 113–119Google Scholar
  6. Duncan JS, Duncan NG (2010) The aestheticization of the politics of landscape preservation. Ann Assoc Am Geogr 92(2):387–409Google Scholar
  7. Falomo C, Pivato M (2012) Veneziani per scelta. I racconti di chi ha deciso di vivere in laguna. La Toletta, VeneziaGoogle Scholar
  8. Gotham KF (2005) Tourism gentrification: the case of New Orleans’ Vieux Carre (French Quarter). Urban Stud 42(7):1099–1121CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Harvey D (2008) The right to the city. New Left Rev 53:23–40Google Scholar
  10. Larsen J, Urry J (2011) Gazing and performing. Environ Plan D Soc Space 29(6):1110–1125CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Lees L (2003) Super-gentrification: the case of Brooklyn Heights, New York City. Urban Stud 40(12):2487–2509CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Lefebvre H (1967) Le droit à la ville. L’homme et la société 6:29–35CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. MacCannell D (1973) Staged authenticity: arrangements of social space in tourist settings. Am J Sociol 79(3):589–603CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Martin JJ (2013) Countess Marta Marzotto in Her Moroccan Home. Wall St J 21.08.2013Google Scholar
  15. Massey D (2005) For space. Sage, LondonGoogle Scholar
  16. McWatters MR (2009) Residential tourism: (de)constructing paradise. Channel View Publications, BristolGoogle Scholar
  17. Miro’ SV (2011) Producing a “successful city”: neoliberal urbanism and gentrification in the tourist city. The case of Palma (Majorca). Urban Stud Res 2011:1–13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Newman K, Wyly E (2006) The right to stay put, revisited: gentrification and resistance to displacement in New York City. Urban Stud 43(1):23–57CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Pacione M (2005) Urban geography. Routledge, LondonGoogle Scholar
  20. Popke EJ (2003) Poststructuralist ethics: subjectivity, responsibility and the space of community. Prog Hum Geogr 27(3):298–316CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Quinn B (2007) Performing tourism in Venice: local residents in focus. Ann Tour Res 34(2):458–476CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Said EW (1978) Orientalism. Vintage, New York, NYGoogle Scholar
  23. Settis S (2014) Se Venezia muore. Einaudi, TorinoGoogle Scholar
  24. Sheller M, Urry J (2006) The new mobilities paradigm. Environ Plan A 38(2):207–226CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Tuan YF (1977) Space and place: the perspective of experience. University of Minnesota Press, MinneapolisGoogle Scholar
  26. Ujma C (2003) Rome. In: Speake J (ed) Literature of travel and exploration. An encyclopedia, vol 3 R to Z index. Taylor and Francis, New York, NY and London, pp 1024–1028Google Scholar
  27. Urry J (2002). The Tourist Gaze 2.0. Sage, LondonGoogle Scholar
  28. Veijola S, Valtonen A (2007) The body in tourism industry. In: Pritchard A, Morgan N, Ateljevic I, Harris C (eds) Tourism and gender: embodiment, sensuality and experience. CABI, Wallingford, pp 13–31CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Zambon E (2012) Venezia privata. La Repubblica DCasa 1:69–74Google Scholar
  30. Zukin S (2009) Naked city. The death and life of authentic urban places. Oxford University Press, New York, NYGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland

Personalised recommendations