Cluster Dependent Classifiers for Online Signature Verification
In this paper, the applicability of notion of cluster dependent classifier for online signature verification is investigated. For every writer, by the use of a number of training samples, a representative is selected based on minimum average distance criteria (centroid) across all the samples of that writer. Later k-means clustering algorithm is employed to cluster the writers based on the chosen representatives. To select a suitable classifier for a writer, the equal error rate (EER) is estimated using each of the classifier for every writer in a cluster. The classifier which gives the lowest EER for a writer is selected to be the suitable classifier for that writer. Once the classifier for each writer in a cluster is decided, the classifier which has been selected for a maximum number of writers in that cluster is decided to be the classifier for all writers of that cluster. During verification, the authenticity of the query signature is decided using the same classifier which has been selected for the cluster to which the claimed writer belongs. In comparison with the existing works on online signature verification, which use a common classifier for all writers during verification, our work is based on the usage of a classifier which is cluster dependent. On the other hand our intuition is to recommend to use a same classifier for all and only those writers who have some common characteristics and to use different classifiers for writers of different characteristics. To demonstrate the efficacy of our model, extensive experiments are carried out on the MCYT online signature dataset (DB1) consisting signatures of 100 individuals. The outcome of the experiments being indicative of increased performance with the adaption of cluster dependent classifier seems to open up a new avenue for further investigation on a reasonably large dataset.
KeywordsWriter representative Signature clustering Cluster dependent classifier Online signature verification
The authors would like to thank J.F. Aguilar and J.O. Garcia for sharing MCYT-100, a sub corpus of online signature data set and thanks to Prof. Anil K. Jain for his associated support to get the dataset.
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