Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery: On-pump and Off-pump Techniques

  • Micky W. T. Kwok
  • Rainbow W. H. Lau
  • Randolph H. L. Wong
  • Malcolm John UnderwoodEmail author


Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is well recognized as the standard of care for patients with multi-vessels coronary artery disease. The risk of CABG is reducing due to better cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), anaesthetic, and operating technique. It is believed that by avoiding CPB, off-pump CABG (OPCAB) may further reduce the risk of CABG and the related cost. However, the controversy for OPCAB remains the conversion risk, graft patency, and completeness of revascularization.


Coronary artery bypass surgery Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) Off-pump surgery Outcomes Graft patency 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Micky W. T. Kwok
    • 1
  • Rainbow W. H. Lau
    • 1
  • Randolph H. L. Wong
    • 1
  • Malcolm John Underwood
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Cardiothoracic SurgeryChinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales HospitalShatinHong Kong

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